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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 14, pp 4753–4759 | Cite as

Electrodeposition of lead zirconate titanate nanotubes

  • A. Nourmohammadi
  • M. A. BahrevarEmail author
  • S. Schulze
  • M. Hietschold
Article

Abstract

Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) nanotubes have been grown using porous anodic alumina templates. Sol–gel electrophoretic deposition method was utilized to form the nanotubes on pore walls. The templates were prepared using various anodizing voltages to achieve different pore diameters. Phosphoric acid solution was employed as the electrolyte. Stabilized PZT sols were prepared using lead acetate trihydrate and modified precursors of zirconium and titanium with acetic acid. The filled templates were then sintered at 700 °C. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows that tubular PZT arrays have been efficiently grown in the alumina templates. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) further confirms the tubular form and polycrystalline nature of the tubes. Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analyses also confirm the composition of the tubes. X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectra indicate the presence of the perovskite PZT as the main phase.

Keywords

Perovskite Lead Zirconate Titanate Electrophoretic Deposition Caustic Soda Solution Porous Anodic Alumina Template 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Mrs. Gisela Baumann from “Solid Surfaces Analysis and Electron Microscopy Group” at Chemnitz University of Technology, for scanning electron microscopy experiments and also for her contribution in chemical processes.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Nourmohammadi
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. A. Bahrevar
    • 2
    Email author
  • S. Schulze
    • 1
  • M. Hietschold
    • 1
  1. 1.Solid Surfaces Analysis and Electron Microscopy Group, Institute of PhysicsChemnitz University of TechnologyChemnitzGermany
  2. 2.Semiconductors DepartmentMaterials and Energy Research Center (MERC)KarajIran

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