Formation of Li+ superionic crystals from the Li2S–P2S5 melt-quenched glasses
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The 70Li2S·30P2S5 (mol%) glass was prepared by the melt quenching method and the glass–ceramic electrolytes were obtained by heating the prepared glass over crystallization temperatures. The superionic metastable Li7P3S11 crystal was formed by heating the glass in the temperature range from 280 and 360 °C. The conductivity of the glass–ceramics was enhanced by the precipitation and growth of the Li7P3S11 crystal, and the highest conductivity of 4.1 × 10−3 S cm−1 at room temperature was achieved in the glass–ceramic heated at 360 °C for 1 h. The Li7P3S11 crystal changed into the thermodynamically stable phase such as the Li4P2S6 crystal with further increasing heat treatment temperature and holding time, resulting in lowering conductivities of the glass–ceramics.
KeywordsSolid Electrolyte Mechanical Milling P2S5 Precipitate Crystal Prepared Glass
This work was financially supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, and an Industrial Technology Research Grant Program from New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) of Japan.
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