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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 1880–1884 | Cite as

The formation mechanism of titania nanotube arrays in hydrofluoric acid electrolyte

  • Jing Bai
  • Baoxue ZhouEmail author
  • Longhai Li
  • Yanbiao Liu
  • Qing Zheng
  • Jiahui Shao
  • Xinyuan Zhu
  • Weimin Cai
  • Junsheng Liao
  • Lexi Zou
Article

Abstract

Self-organized and highly ordered titania nanotube arrays (TNAs) were prepared through electrochemical anodic oxidization on a titanium foil in 0.5 wt.% hydrofluoric acid (HF) electrolyte. The current density and morphology images during the formation process of TNAs were studied. Results show that the formation of TNAs includes the following processes. Initially, dense oxide of titania was rapidly formed on the titanium surface, followed by small pore formation. The adjacent small pores were then integrated and become larger pores. At the same time, small tubes were transformed. These small tubes were further integrated into larger tubes until the primary tube formation. Finally, the tubular structure was gradually optimized and eventually developed into the highly ordered TNAs. A model was proposed to explain the formation mechanism of TNAs fabricated on a titanium foil in HF acid electrolyte.

Keywords

Tubular Structure Anodization Voltage Small Tube Titanium Foil Dense Oxide 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 20677039), Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality (No. 05nm05004) and the Program of New Century Excellent Talents in University (No. NCET-04-0406). Thanks for support of FE-SEM lab in Instrumental Analysis Center of SJTU.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Bai
    • 1
  • Baoxue Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Longhai Li
    • 1
  • Yanbiao Liu
    • 1
  • Qing Zheng
    • 1
  • Jiahui Shao
    • 1
  • Xinyuan Zhu
    • 1
  • Weimin Cai
    • 1
  • Junsheng Liao
    • 2
  • Lexi Zou
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Environmental Science and EngineeringShanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.China Academy of Engineering PhysicsMianyangPeople’s Republic of China

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