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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 9, pp 3072–3093 | Cite as

A review of the influencing factors on anisotropic conductive adhesives joining technology in electrical applications

  • Y. C. LinEmail author
  • Jue Zhong
Article

Abstract

New interconnect materials are always necessary as a result of evolving packaging technologies and increasing performance and environmental demands on electronic systems. Polymer-based conductive-adhesive materials have become widely used in many electronic packaging interconnect applications. Among all the conductive-adhesive materials, the anisotropic conductive adhesives (ACA) (or anisotropic conductive adhesive films, ACF) have gained popularity as a potential replacement for solder interconnects. The interest in using ACA instead of solder comes partly from the fact that the use of ACA for the direct interconnection of flipped silicon chips to printed circuits (flip chip packaging) offers numerous advantages such as reduced thickness, improved environmental compatibility, lowered assembly process temperature, increased metallization options, reduced cost, and decreased equipment needs. In this review, a summary of our understanding of the electrical, physical, thermal, chemical, environmental, and cost behaviors of ACA in conjunction with various packaging applications is elaborated. First, the formulation and curing kinetics of ACA materials, as well as the conduction mechanisms of ACA joints, are introduced; second, the influencing factors, including the boding process (boding temperature, boding pressure, curing conditions, reflow and misalignment processes, etc), the environmental factors (temperature, humidity, impact load, etc), and the properties of the components (the properties of the ACA, substrates, conductive particles, the bump height, etc), on the reliability of ACA joining technology are presented. Finally, future research areas and remaining issues are pointed out. The purpose is simply to pinpoint the most important papers that have played significant role for the advancement of the ACA bonding technology.

Keywords

Contact Resistance Bonding Temperature Conductive Particle Anisotropic Conductive Adhesive Film Flip Chip 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 20070410302), the Science Research Foundation Program of Central South University, and the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of Central South University.

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical and Electrical EngineeringCentral South UniversityChangshaP.R. China

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