Voltammetric and chronoamperometric studies of silver electrodeposition from a bath containing HEDTA
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The electrodeposition of silver on platinum from ammonium-buffered solutions containing HEDTA (N-(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediaminetriacetic acid) at various concentrations was investigated. Potentiometric titration and voltammetric studies indicated that in the presence of 2.0 × 10−1 M HEDTA, the deposited silver was reduced from a mixture of [AgHEDTA]2− and [Ag(NH3)2]+ complexes, whereas at 2.0 × 10−2 M and 2.0 × 10−3 M HEDTA in the electrolyte, the silver was reduced from the [Ag(NH3)2]+ complexes alone. Hydrodynamic studies showed variation in the diffusion coefficient for the electroactive species in solution, depending on the HEDTA concentration. Chronoamperometric study in a solution containing 2.0 × 10−1 M HEDTA at low overpotential (0.000 V to –0.050 V) showed a transition from progressive to instantaneous nucleation in a single current transient, whereas, at −0.200 V only 3D-progressive nucleation controlled by mass transport was observed. Scanning electron microscope images showed that the silver films produced in silver baths with HEDTA were uniform, without cracks, and fine-grained, regardless of its concentration, while in the absence of HEDTA the morphology was rough and dendritic. X-ray diffraction analysis of the films obtained at various HEDTA concentrations revealed polycrystalline silver, similar to film obtained in cyanide and EDTA/ammonia baths.
KeywordsHydrogen Evolution Reaction Current Transient Silver Film Silver Deposition Voltammetric Curve
Financial support from Brazilian agencies FAPESP (Proc. no. 02/10772-6 and 04/06413-6) and CAPES is gratefully acknowledged.
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