Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 24, pp 10106–10112 | Cite as

Synthesis, characteristic of a novel additive-type flame retardant containing silicon and its application in PC/ABS alloy

  • Hanfang Zhong
  • Dan Wu
  • Ping WeiEmail author
  • Pingkai Jiang
  • Qiang Li
  • Jianwei Hao


A novel flame retardant (DPA–SiN) containing phosphorus, nitrogen and silicon elements at the same time was synthesized. 9-(9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide)-propanoic acid (DPA) synthesized through simple addition reaction of 9, 10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO) and acrylic acid (AA) was introduced into N-β-(aminoethyl)-γ-aminopropyl methyl dimethoxysilane/dimethylsiloxane copolymer (SiN) to form a novel flame retardant (FR). The structure of DPA and DPA–SiN were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. After blend with PC/ABS, the flame-retardant properties of the PC/ABS/DPA–SiN blends are estimated by Limiting Oxygen Index (LOI) values and CONE Calorimeter, while thermal stabilities are investigated through Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA). The morphological structures of the char formed after PC/ABS/DPA–SiN burnt in LOI test were investigated by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM).


Acrylic Acid Flame Retardant Heat Release Rate Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Thermo Gravimetric Analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanfang Zhong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dan Wu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ping Wei
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Pingkai Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Qiang Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jianwei Hao
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityShanghaiP.R. China
  2. 2.Shanghai Key Lab of Electric Insulation and Thermal AgingShanghaiP.R. China
  3. 3.Department of Material Science and EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingP.R. China

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