A novel method for producing open-cell Al2O3-ZrO2 ceramic foams with controlled cell structure
- 117 Downloads
A novel method was introduced to prepare open-cell Al2O3–ZrO2 ceramic foams with controlled cell structure. This method used epispastic polystyrene (EPS) spheres to array ordered templates and centrifugal slip casting in the interstitial spaces of the EPS template to obtain cell struts with high packing density. Aqueous Al2O3–ZrO2 slurries with up to 50 vol.% solid contents were prepared and centrifuged at acceleration of 2,860g. The effect of the solid contents of slurries on segregation phenomena of different particles and green compact uniformity were investigated. In multiphase system, the settling velocities of Al2O3 and ZrO2 particles were calculated. Theory analysis and calculated results both indicated segregation phenomenon was hindered for slurries with 50 vol.% solid content. The cell struts of sintered products had high green density (61.5%TD), sintered density (99.1%TD) and homogeneous microstructures after sintered at 1,550 °C for 2 h. The cell size and porosity of Al2O3–ZrO2 ceramic foams can be adjusted by changing the size of EPS spheres and the load applied on them during packing, respectively. When the porosity increased from 75.3% to 83.1%, the compressive strength decreases from 3.82 to 2.07 MPa.
KeywordsFoam Compressive Strength Solid Content Settling Velocity Sintered Density
This work was supported partly by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50672014) and the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (50425413).
- 2.Strom LA, Sweeting TB, Norris DA, et al (1995) Mater Res Soc Symp Proc 371:321Google Scholar
- 7.Hargus PM, Mula JA, Redden MK (1989) US Patent 4866011Google Scholar
- 13.Wallis GB (1969) One-dimensional two-phase flow. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- 15.Bird RB, Stewart WE, Lightfoot EN (1960) Transport phenomena. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar