Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 2894–2898 | Cite as

Nanomechanical properties of the stigma of dragonfly Anax parthenope julius Brauer

  • Jin TongEmail author
  • Yanru Zhao
  • Jiyu Sun
  • Donghui Chen


Natural biomaterials have many optimized structures and functions adapted to their living surroundings through the evolution over millions of years. Based on the structures of biomaterials, some biomimetic materials, including nano-composite materials, have been developed [1]. There are more than one million species of insects in nature. Insects are important biological resource for developing biomimetic techniques [2]. Dragonfly can hover, flap its wings for flight and accelerate [3]. The mass of the wings of a dragonfly is only 1–2% of its whole body mass, but the wings can stabilize their body and have a high load-bearing ability during flight [4].

Living dragonflies, Anax parthenope julius Brauer (Odonata, Anisoptera, Aeschnidae, Anax) were collected in Chuangchun, China. Figure  1 shows the digital camera photograph of a female dragonfly Anax parthenope juliusBrauer. The body length of the dragonflies used for tests is about 68 mm. The wing span of the forewings and...


Test Time Nanoindentation Test Anax Nanomechanical Property Peak Depth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant no. 30600131, 50675087), by National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars of China (grant no. 50025516), by Special Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of High Education of China (grant no. 20060183067) and by “Project 985” of Jilin University.


  1. 1.
    Tong J, Sun J, Chen D, Zhang S (2004) J Bionics Eng 1:4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Guan Z (1981) Insectology pandect. Agriculture Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Olberg R, Worthington A, Venator K (2000) J Comp Physiol 186:2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kesel A, Philippi U, Nachtigall W (1998) Comput Biol Med 28:4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Haas F, Gorb S, Wootton R (2000) Arthropod Struct Dev 29:2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Machida K, Shimanuki J (2005) Third international conference on experimental mechanics and third conference of the Asian Committee on experimental mechanicsGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Boussinesq J (1885) Application des potentiels à l’étude de l’équilibre et du mouvement des solides élastiques. Gauthier-Villars, ParisGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Oliver G, Pharr G (1992) J Mater Res 7:6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ruan J, Zou J, Huang B (2004) Biomaterial. Science Press, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bell T, Field J, Swain M (1992) Thin Solid Films 220:1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Beake BD, Zheng S (2002) J Mater Sci 37:3821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chudoba T, Richter F (2001) Surf Coat Technol 148:191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ngan AHW, Tang B (2002) J Mater Res 17:2604CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Miyajima T, Nagata F, Kanematsu W, Yokogawa Y, Sakai M (2003) Key Eng Mater 240–242:927CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ren L (2001) Optimum and analysis of test design. Jilin Science & Technology Press, ChangchunGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jin Tong
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Yanru Zhao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jiyu Sun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Donghui Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Terrain-Machine Bionics Engineering, Ministry of EducationJilin University at Nanling CampusChangchunP.R. China
  2. 2.College of Biological and Agricultural EngineeringJilin University at Nanling CampusChangchunP.R. China

Personalised recommendations