Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 16, pp 6642–6650 | Cite as

Impact response of composites after long-term water immersion

  • Kyriakos BerketisEmail author
  • P. J. Hogg


Woven and non-crimped glass fabric reinforced polyester flat composite plates are studied experimentally. Water immersion tests for undamaged and impact damaged specimens are performed. The accelerating effects of increased water temperature on the degradation rate are discussed. The effect of up to 30 months water immersion on the impact behaviour are extensively investigated and compared with pre-water immersion results. The effects of different E-glass fabric reinforcement types, woven and non-crimped, in terms of environmental and impact behaviour are reported. An Environmental Damage Accumulation Metric (EDAM) is proposed and analysed, linking the time of water immersion with a marked change of behaviour in terms of the loss of the elastic component during the impact event.


Impact Energy Composite Plate Water Immersion Fibre Volume Fraction Neat Resin 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Materials DepartmentQueen Mary, University of LondonLondonUK

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