Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 16, pp 6689–6695 | Cite as

Selective synthesis of brookite, anatase and rutile nanoparticles: thermolysis of TiCl4 in aqueous nitric acid

  • Sophie CassaignonEmail author
  • Magali Koelsch
  • Jean-Pierre Jolivet


The three polymorphs of titania (anatase, rutile and brookite) have been obtained as nanoparticles selectively and with well definite morphologies (platelets of brookite, rods of rutile) by thermohydrolysis of TiCl4 in concentrated aqueous nitric acid. The selectivity of the synthesis depends strongly on the acidity of the medium. The presence of concentrated nitrate ions seems to be the determining factor for the formation of brookite and its stabilization against recrystallization.


TiO2 Rutile TiCl4 Thermolysis Brookite 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors are grateful to Dr Fabienne Warmont (CRMP, Université P. et M. Curie-Paris6), Dr. Dominique Jalabert (CME, Université d’Orléans) for the TEM and HRTEM measurements and to Dr François Ribot for fruitful discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sophie Cassaignon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Magali Koelsch
    • 1
  • Jean-Pierre Jolivet
    • 1
  1. 1.Chimie de la Matière Condensée de ParisUniversité Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris6, CNRS UMR 7574ParisFrance

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