Thermal conductivity of ceramic particle filled polymer composites and theoretical predictions
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Models and theories for predicting the thermal conductivity of polymer composites were discussed. Effective Medium Theory (EMT), Agari model and Nielsen model respectively are introduced and are applied as predictions for the thermal conductivity of ceramic particle filled polymer composites. Thermal conductivity of experimentally prepared Si3N4/epoxy composite and some data cited from the literature are discussed using the above theories. Feasibility of the three methods as a prediction in the whole volume fraction region of the filler from 0 to 1 was evaluated for a comparison. As a conclusion: both EMT and Nielsen model can give a well prediction for the thermal conductivity at a low volume fraction of the filler; Agari model give a better prediction in the whole range, but with larger error percentage.
KeywordsThermal Conductivity Percolation Threshold Filler Particle Epoxy Composite Effective Medium Theory
This work was supported by a grant from the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50472019).
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