Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 2807–2819 | Cite as

Compressive creep behavior in air of a slightly porous as-sintered polycrystalline α-alumina material

  • Guillaume Bernard-GrangerEmail author
  • Christian Guizard
  • Richard Duclos


Compressive creep tests in air have been performed on a polycrystalline submicron as sintered and slightly porous α-alumina material. Two different deformation mechanisms, depending on the applied stress and creep temperature, have been identified when the grain size becomes higher than a critical value 〈G*〉.

For low temperatures and/or low applied stresses, deformation occurs by grain boundary sliding accommodated by an in-series “interface reaction/diffusion of Al3+ cations” process, with the limiting step being the interface reaction. In this case increased densification of the samples is observed after creep, compared to the as-sintered ones.

In contrast, for high temperatures and/or high-applied stresses, deformation occurs by grain boundary sliding accommodated by the relocation and growth of preexisting cavities, the growth step being also controlled by the diffusion of Al3+ cations. In this case, a marked decrease of the relative density is measured on the crept samples compared to the as-sintered ones.

Using these results, it is possible to identify the optimal conditions for superplastic forming of previously as-sintered parts, leading to shaped objects with an increased final density.


Creep Rate Creep Test Creep Strain Creep Deformation Creep Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillaume Bernard-Granger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Guizard
    • 1
  • Richard Duclos
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Synthèse et Fonctionnalisation des CéramiquesFRE 2770 CNRS/Saint-Gobain, Saint-Gobain C.R.E.E.Cavaillon CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Structure et Propriétés de l’Etat Solide, UMR CNRS 8008Université des Sciences et Technologies de LilleVilleneuve d’Ascq CedexFrance

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