Correlation between interfacial microstructure and shear behavior of Sn–Ag–Cu solder ball joined with Sn–Zn–Bi paste
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Sn–8Zn–3Bi solder paste was applied as a medium to joint Sn–3.2Ag–0.5Cu solder balls and Cu/Ni/Au metallized ball grid array substrates at 210 °C. Sn–Ag–Cu joints without Sn–Zn–Bi addition were also conducted for comparison. The shear behavior of the specimens was investigated after multiple reflow and thermal aging. For each strength test, more than 40 solder balls were sheared. The shear strength of Sn–Ag–Cu specimens kept constant ranging from 15.5 ± 1.3 N (single reflow) to 16.2 ± 1.0 N (ten reflows) and the fractures occurred in the solder. Shear strength of Sn–Ag–Cu/Sn–Zn–Bi specimens fell from 15.9 ± 1.7 N (single reflow) to 13.4 ± 1.6 N (ten reflows). After single reflow, Sn–Ag–Cu/Sn–Zn–Bi specimens fractured in the solder along Ag–Au–Cu–Zn intermetallic compounds and at Ni metallization. After ten reflows, fractures occurred in the solder and at solder/Ni–Sn–Cu–Zn intermetallic compound interface. The shear strengths of the Sn–Ag–Cu and Sn–Ag–Cu/Sn–Zn–Bi packages changed little after aging at 150 °C. Sn–Ag–Cu/Sn–Zn–Bi joints kept higher strength than Sn–Ag–Cu joints. Sn–Ag–Cu joints fractured in the solder after aging. But the fractures of Sn–Ag–Cu/Sn–Zn–Bi specimens shifted to the solder with aging time.
KeywordsShear Strength Solder Ball Ball Grid Array Molten Solder Eutectic Solder
Financial support for this work provided by the National Science Council of R.O.C. (Taiwan) under grant NSC91-2216-E-006-035 is gratefully acknowledged. The authors also thank Accurus Scientific Co., LTD. for supplying the solder balls.
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