Effects of emulsion sizing with nano-SiO2 on interfacial properties of carbon fibers/epoxy composites
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Nano-SiO2 particles were used to modify epoxy emulsion sizing of carbon fibers to improve the interfacial properties of carbon fibers reinforced epoxy composites. The mechanical interfacial strength between fibers and matrix was investigated by the single fiber fragmentation test and the 3-point short beam shear test, respectively. Dynamic contact angle analysis (DCAA), X-ray photoelectron spectrometry (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) were performed on the carbon fibers with unmodified sizing and nano-SiO2 modified sizing. The results indicated that modified sizing with nano-SiO2 slightly increased the surface energy, the hydroxyl functional group and the surface roughness of carbon fibers compared to unmodified sizing, so that the interfacial shear strength (IFSS) of the single fiber composites and the interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) of composites were enhanced. SEM images of fracture sections of composites proved powerfully that the interfacial adhesion between fibers and matrix was improved after nano-SiO2 modified emulsion sizing treatment.
KeywordsCarbon Fiber Fiber Surface Modify Sizing Interlaminar Shear Strength Fracture Section