Crack propagation in layered Al2O3/ZrO2 composites prepared by electrophoretic deposition
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Crack propagation through layered Al2O3/ZrO2 composites was studied. The specimens were prepared via electrophoretic deposition of alumina and zirconia powders from suspensions with monochloroacetic acid and isopropanol. The kinetics of electrophoretic deposition could be described fully if the electrophoretic mobility and conductivity of suspensions were known. The conductivity of suspensions increased in the course of deposition. Adjusting to properly controlled kinetics of deposition and sintering, deposits were prepared with strongly bonded layers of different pre-defined thicknesses and, consequently, with different magnitudes of residual stress. Cracks, produced by an indentation technique, propagated askew towards layer interfaces deflected towards the interface in the Al2O3 layers and away from the interface in the ZrO2 layers. Changes in the direction of crack propagation were described for the whole range of angles of incidence (0°–90°). The biggest change in the crack propagation was observed for the angle of incidence 45° and was ca. 15°, irrespective of the magnitude of residual stress in the layers.
KeywordsAl2O3 Residual Stress Layer Interface Functional Gradation Linear Thermal Expansion
This work was supported by the Czech Ministry of Education, project No. MSM0021630508.