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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 10, pp 3425–3434 | Cite as

Application of electrochemical techniques in investigation of the role of hydrogen in near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracking of pipelines

  • Y. F. ChengEmail author
  • L. Niu
Review

Abstract

It has been acknowledged that hydrogen plays a critical role in near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracking (SCC) of pipelines. However, the accurate mechanism for hydrogen involvement remains unknown. This work reviewed the applications of various electrochemical techniques towards understanding near-neutral pH SCC. The techniques reviewed include electrochemical hydrogen permeation, cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, electrochemical noise and scanning photo-electrochemical microscopy. The manner by which these techniques allow for the investigation of the hydrogen evolution mechanism, adsorption/desorption and permeation kinetics and hydrogen diffusion and accumulation in steel as well as the interactions between hydrogen, anodic dissolution and stress at crack tip in near-neutral pH environmental condition is described. It is anticipated that the advanced electrochemical measurement techniques provide essential tools to investigate the mechanistic aspects on hydrogen involvement in near-neutral pH stress corrosion cracking in pipelines.

Keywords

Stress Corrosion Crack Acoustic Emission Signal Hydrogen Evolution Reaction Pipeline Steel Hydrogen Permeation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by Canada Research Chairs program and Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing EngineeringUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringShandong UniversityJinanChina

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