Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 15, pp 6087–6092 | Cite as

Preparation of porous sheet composite impregnated with TiO2 photocatalyst by a papermaking technique

  • Shuji FukahoriEmail author
  • Hideaki Ichiura
  • Takuya Kitaoka
  • Hiroo Tanaka
  • Hiroyuki Wariishi


Titanium dioxide (TiO2) powder-containing sheet composites, called TiO2 sheet, were prepared by a papermaking technique, and their photocatalytic efficiency was investigated. The TiO2 powders were homogeneously scattered over the fiber-mix networks tailored within the catalyst sheet. Under UV irradiation, the TiO2 paper could decompose p-hydroxyacetophenone (p-HAP), although the degradation efficiency by the TiO2 sheet was lower than that by the TiO2 powder. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that coverage of the TiO2 particles inside the sheet by alumina binder which was used to improve the sheet strength caused the deterioration of the photocatalytic performance. Internal addition of alumina binder made the TiO2 sheet porous and such a TiO2 sheet exhibited high photocatalytic performance equivalent to that of TiO2 powder. The porous structure of TiO2 sheet might contribute to effective transport of p-HAP to the surface of TiO2 particles inside the sheet, resulting in high degradation performance. In addition, TiO2 sheet prepared using TiO2 sol showed higher photocatalytic efficiency than TiO2 powder and it was indicated that the porous sheet structure might provide suitable conditions for TiO2 catalysis for photodecomposition.


TiO2 TiO2 Particle TiO2 Powder Pulp Fiber TiO2 Content 



This research was financially supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (No. 13558075) from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science.


  1. 1.
    Parra S, Sarria V, Malato S, Péringer P, Pulgarin C (2000) Appl Catal B: Environ 27:153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Oh YC, Jenks WS (2004) J Photochem Photobiol A: Chem 162:323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barbeni M, Pramouro E, Pelizzetti E, Borgarello E, Serpone N (1985) Chemosphere 14:195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Schmelling DC, Gray KA (1995) Wat Res 29:2651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang YB, Hong C (2000) Wat Res 34:2791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Higarashi MM, Jardim WF (2002) Catal Today 76:201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lee JC, Kim MS, Kim BW (2002) Wat Res 36:1776CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Li X, Cubbage JW, Tetzlaff TA, Jenks WS (1999) J Organic Chem 64:8509CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li X, Cubbage JW, Jenks WS (1999) J Organic Chem 64:8525CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Choi W, Hong SJ, Chang YS, Cho Y (2000) Environ Sci Technol 34:4810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Driessen MD, Goodman AL, Miller TM, Zaharias GA, Grassian VH (1998) J Phys Chem B 102:549CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fukahori S, Ichiura H, Kitaoka T, Tanaka H (2003) Environ Sci Technol 37:1048CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fukahori S, Ichiura H, Kitaoka T, Tanaka H (2003) Appl Catal B: Environ 46:453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Iguchi Y, Ichiura H, Kitaoka T, Tanaka H (2003) Chemosphere 53:1193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yamazaki S, Matsunaga S, Hori K (2001) Wat Res 35:1022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Uchida H, Itoh S, Yoneyama H (1993) Chem Lett 1995Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Xu Y, Langford CH (1997) J Phys Chem B 101:3115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Takahashi R, Sato S, Sodesawa T, Arai K, Yabuki M (2005) J Catal 229:24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ichiura H, Kitaoka T, Tanaka H (2002) J Mater Sci 37:2937CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ichiura H, Kitaoka T, Tanaka H (2003) Chemosphere 50:79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ichiura H, Kitaoka T, Tanaka H (2003) Chemosphere 51:855CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mukai SR, Nishihara H, Tamon H (2003) Micropor Mesopor Mater 63:43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nishihara H, Mukai SR, Yamashita D, Tamon H (2005) Chem Mater 17:683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Keshmiri M, Mohseni M, Troczynski T (2004) Appl Catal B: Environ 53:209CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuji Fukahori
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hideaki Ichiura
    • 1
  • Takuya Kitaoka
    • 1
  • Hiroo Tanaka
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Wariishi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Forest and Forest Products Sciences, Graduate School of Bioresource and Bioenvironmental SciencesKyushu UniversityFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations