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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 10, pp 3440–3453 | Cite as

A gas phase analysis technique applied to in-situ studies of gas–solid interactions

  • Clara AnghelEmail author
  • Qian Dong
Review

Abstract

An ultrahigh vacuum technique using mass spectrometry for in-situ investigations of gas–solid interactions is described in this paper. Examples of chemical reactions (oxidation, hydration) between solids and gas mixtures, dissociation of gases on solid surfaces, outgassing of solid materials and permeation of gases through membranes are discussed where the experimental arrangement is explained in detail. This Gas Phase Analysis (GPA) technique can be used at temperatures from room temperature to 1200 °C and at pressures up to 1 atm. Aspects related to sample preparation, isotopic gas mixture selection, data acquisition, calibration and interpretation of the experimental data are also addressed.

Keywords

Oxide Scale Reaction Chamber Oxide Thickness Oxide Growth Oxygen Permeation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank Doc. G. Hultquist for fruitful discussions during this work. Financial support from Westinghouse Electric Sweden AB and Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research are gratefully acknowledged. Valuable suggestions from John Rundgren, Mike Graham and Peter Szakalos are also appreciated.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Corrosion Science, Department of Materials Science and EngineeringRoyal Institute of TechnologyStockholmSweden

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