Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 23, pp 7944–7953 | Cite as

Effects of calcium nitride and calcium carbonate gasifying agents on the porosity of Ni3Ti–TiC composites produced by combustion synthesis

  • Douglas E. BurkesEmail author
  • Jack Milwid
  • Guglielmo Gottoli
  • John J. Moore


Combustion synthesis or Self-propagating High Temperature Synthesis (SHS) has been used to produce highly porous materials intended for biomedical applications. Two novel gasifying agents, calcium nitride and calcium carbonate, were employed to increase product porosity and pore size during the combustion synthesis reaction for two SHS chemical compositions. A greater increase in apparent porosity of the products was gained using calcium carbonate compared with calcium nitride. Conversely, a greater increase in the number of pores falling within a 101–500 μm range was gained using calcium nitride compared with calcium carbonate. A greater increase in product porosity and pore sizes was observed for the TiC-50 wt% Ni3Ti than the TiC-30 wt% Ni3Ti with both gasifying agents.


Ca3N2 Combustion Synthesis Burning Velocity Reaction Front Molar Amount 



The authors wish to thank the Space Products Development directorate of NASA and the Director of the Institute for Space Resources, formerly CCACS, Dr. Michael Duke, for support of this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas E. Burkes
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jack Milwid
    • 1
  • Guglielmo Gottoli
    • 1
    • 2
  • John J. Moore
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Metallurgical and Materials Engineering DepartmentColorado School of MinesGoldenUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Space Resources (ISR)Colorado School of MinesGoldenUSA

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