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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 10, pp 3454–3464 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of cerium oxide templated from activated carbon

  • Mark CrockerEmail author
  • Uschi M. Graham
  • Rolando Gonzalez
  • Gary Jacobs
  • Erin Morris
  • Aurora M. Rubel
  • Rodney Andrews
Review

Abstract

The application of carbon templating to the preparation of cerium oxide and cerium–zirconium mixed oxide was investigated. Impregnation of a highly mesoporous activated carbon (Darco KB-B) with aqueous cerium nitrate, followed by calcination to remove the template, afforded nanocrystalline ceria with a surface area of up to 148 m2/g. Ceria-zirconia with surface area of 148 m2/g was similarly prepared. TEM studies on the ceria product revealed the presence of a polycrystalline phase, comprised of irregular aggregates of ceria crystallites of ca. 6.5 nm diameter. Use of activated carbon fibers (ACFs) as templates afforded ceria with a gross morphology resembling that of the fiber template. The lower surface areas (3–59 m2/g) of the resulting ceria reflect the mainly microporous nature of the ACFs; evidently the Ce nitrate solution is largely unable to penetrate the micropores. TEM showed the ceria fibers to be comprised of crystallites possessing a morphology similar to the Darco KB-B templated ceria.

Keywords

Ceria CeO2 Cerium Oxide Ceria Product Activate Carbon Fiber 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The authors wish to thank Mr. G. Thomas for performing the XRD measurements.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Crocker
    • 1
    Email author
  • Uschi M. Graham
    • 1
  • Rolando Gonzalez
    • 1
  • Gary Jacobs
    • 1
  • Erin Morris
    • 1
  • Aurora M. Rubel
    • 1
  • Rodney Andrews
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy ResearchLexingtonUSA

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