Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 19, pp 6488–6491 | Cite as

The effect of activator concentration on reaction degree and structure formation of alkali-activated ground granulated blast furnace slag

  • H. Hilbig
  • A. BuchwaldEmail author

Blast furnace slag is an industrial by-product that can be alkali-activated to yield adhesive and cementitious compounds, whose production is less energy-intensive and CO2 emission less than in ordinary Portland cement manufacture. The reaction products of alkali-activated blast furnace slag have been widely investigated. They are similar to calcium silicate hydrates (CSH) and calcium aluminate hydrates (CAH) of Portland cements apart from incorporated tetrahedral aluminium into the dreierketten structure of the CSH [1] and hydrotalcite if the slag contains magnesium [2, 3]. Considering different activation concentrations, Song and co-workers [4] determined in calorimetric investigations a faster hydration when more NaOH is present. The microstructure observed using ESEM was not affected.

In this work the effect of the activator concentration on the reaction degree and the structure formation of an alkali-activated slag were investigated using 27Al and 29Si NMR spectroscopy.

As can...


Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrum Hydrotalcite Blast Furnace Slag Calcium Silicate Hydrate Ground Granulate Blast Furnace Slag 


  1. 1.
    Schilling PJ, Butler LG, Roy A, Eaton HC (1994) J Am Cer Soc 77:2363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Richardson IG, Groves GW (1992) J Mater Sci 27:6204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wang S-D, Scrivener KL (1995) Cem Concr Res 25:561CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Song S, Sohn D, Jennings HM, Mason TO (2000) J Mater Sci 35:249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Buchwald A, Hilbig H, Kaps Ch J Mater Sci (in press)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Andersen MD, Jakobsen HJ (2003) J Skibsted Inorg Chem 42:2280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Engelhardt G, Michel D (1987) High-resolution solid-state nmr of silicates and zeolites, John Wiley and Son, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang S-D, Scrivener KL (2003) Cem Concr Res 33:769CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Building Materials (cbm)Technical University MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Chair of Building ChemistryBauhaus-University WeimarWeimarGermany

Personalised recommendations