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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 23, pp 7747–7759 | Cite as

A new challenge: grain boundary engineering for advanced materials by magnetic field application

  • Tadao Watanabe
  • Sadahiro Tsurekawa
  • Xiang Zhao
  • Liang Zuo
  • Claude Esling
Article

Abstract

This paper gives an overview of “Grain boundary engineering (GBE) for advanced materials by magnetic field application” based on recent experimental work performed on different kinds of structural and functional materials. It is shown that magnetic field application has a great potential and unique advantage as “non-contact processing” for microstructure control, irreplaceable by any other existing processing methods. The control of grain growth and texture by magnetic fields has been found to be generally applicable to many metallic materials, irrespective of whether they are ferromagnetic or not. Grain growth which is controlled by grain boundary migration was found to be strongly affected by magnetic field application. Recent attempts at the grain boundary engineering by magnetic field application through phase transformation have revealed that magnetic phase transformation can provide us a new approach to grain boundary engineering for iron alloys and steels, as well as a new nanocrystalline material produced by magnetic crystallization from the amorphous state. The possibility of engineering applications of enhanced densification using magnetic sintering and magnetic rejuvenation has been discussed for iron powder compacts and deformation-damaged iron alloys, respectively.

Keywords

Magnetic Field Application Magnetic Field Gradient Boundary Segregation Orientation Imaging Microscopy Magnetic Annealing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge their coworkers who were involved in the reported work on grain boundary engineering by magnetic field application. One (T.W.) of the authors would like to express his sincere gratitude to Prof. S.-J.L. Kang and Prof. D.Y. Yoon for the provision of a pleasant stay at KAIST, Korea which enabled him to write this paper. The authors’ acknowledgement also goes to Dr. Victoria A. Yardley who kindly read and corrected the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tadao Watanabe
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sadahiro Tsurekawa
    • 1
  • Xiang Zhao
    • 2
  • Liang Zuo
    • 2
  • Claude Esling
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of NanomechanicsGraduate School of Engineering, Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Electromagnetic Processing of Materials (EPM)Northeastern UniversityShenyangChina
  3. 3.LETAM, CNRS-UMR 7078University of MetzMetz Cedex 01France

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