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Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 19, pp 8342–8349 | Cite as

Epoxy-imide resins from N-(4-carboxyphenyl)trimellitimide: effect of imide and aromatic content on adhesive and thermal properties

  • Ginu AbrahamEmail author
  • Shanmugam Packirisamy
  • Sugu Surya Bhagawan
  • Ganapathy Balasubramanian
  • Rajagopala Iyer Ramaswamy
Article

Abstract

The effect of imide and aromatic content on the adhesive and thermal properties of epoxy-imide resins obtained through the reaction of epoxy resins viz., Araldite GY 250 (DGEBA; difunctional), Araldite EPN 1138 (novolac; polyfunctional) and epoxidized hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (EHTPB) with an imide-diacid viz., N-(4-carboxyphenyl)trimellitimide (IDA-I) was studied for different carboxyl equivalent to epoxy equivalent ratios (C/E ratios). The glass transition temperature of epoxy-imides varies from 80 to 144 °C, 120 to 184 °C and 41 to 143 °C for GY 250-IDA-I, EPN 1138-IDA-I and EHTPB-IDA-I respectively with the variation in C/E ratio from 0.5 to 2. For C/E ratio up to 1, the overall thermal stability of epoxy-imides follow the trend, EPN 1138-IDA-I > GY 250-IDA-I > EHTPB-IDA-I and above this ratio considerable improvement in overall thermal stability is observed only for EHTPB-IDA-I. The optimum C/E ratio for obtaining maximum room temperature and elevated temperature adhesive strength was found to be 1.25. For the optimum ratio, GY 250, EPN 1138 and EHTPB-based systems give adhesive strength of 29, 23 and 18 MPa respectively at room temperature and retain 78.3, 56.2 and 44.4% of the room temperature adhesive strength at 150 °C. The influence of C/E ratio or in otherwords, imide or aromatic content on the adhesive strength, thermal stability and glass transition temperature was more pronounced for aliphatic epoxy, i.e., EHTPB-based system.

Keywords

Polyimide Adhesive Strength Imide Aromatic Content Imide Group 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to the Director, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) for granting permission to publish this work. Thanks are due to Mr. K. S. Sastri and Dr. K. N. Ninan for encouragement. Help received from the members of the Analytical and Spectroscopy Division, VSSC for the thermal and spectral analysis of the samples is gratefully acknowledged. The authors also thank the reviewer for valuable comments. One of the authors (G.A.) is thankful to UGC, New Delhi for granting her a Fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ginu Abraham
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Shanmugam Packirisamy
    • 1
  • Sugu Surya Bhagawan
    • 3
    • 4
  • Ganapathy Balasubramanian
    • 3
  • Rajagopala Iyer Ramaswamy
    • 1
  1. 1.Polymers and Special Chemicals DivisionPropellant and Special Chemicals Group, PCM Entity, Vikram Sarabhai Space CentreThiruvananthapuramIndia
  2. 2.The Centre for Advanced Macromolecular Design (CAMD)School of Chemical Sciences and EngineeringKensington, SydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Propellant Engineering DivisionPropellant and Special Chemicals Group, PCM Entity, Vikram Sarabhai Space CentreThiruvananthapuramIndia
  4. 4.Department of Polymer EngineeringAmritha School of EngineeringCoimbatoreIndia

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