The relationships between microstructure and crystal structure in zincite solid solutions
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Single phase (Zn,Fe)1−xO zincite solid solution samples have been prepared by high temperature equilibration in air and in reducing atmospheres, followed by quenching to room temperature. The Fe2+/Fe3+ concentrations in the samples have been determined using wet chemical and XPS techniques. Iron is found to be present in zincite predominantly in the form of Fe3+ ions. The transition from an equiaxed grain morphology to plate-like zincite crystals is shown to be associated with increasing Fe3+ concentration, increasing elongation in <001> of the hexagonal crystals and increasing anisotropic strain along the c-axis. The plate-like crystals are shown to contain planar defects and zincite polytypes at high iron concentrations.
KeywordsIron Concentration Transmission Electron Microscope Micrographs Zn2SiO4 Zincite Titration Technique
The authors would like to acknowledge funding for this project from Australian Research Council – Linkage Program, and from industry sources coordinated by ISP Smelting, UK. They also would like to thank Dr. Koike of Tohoku University for his comments on the TEM micrographs, and the assistance of the Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis, University of Queensland, with use of electron microscope facilities.
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