Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 18, pp 6056–6061 | Cite as

Effects of Pb2+ doping on La4Ti9O24 ceramics

  • Yuan-Wen Liu
  • Pang LinEmail author
  • Ming-Wen Chu


The kinetic structural evolution of the Pb2+-doped La4Ti9O24 ceramics was investigated. Using electron diffraction and Rietveld analysis of the X-ray powder diffraction patterns, we show that the increase in Pb2+ doping results in the structural transition from La4Ti9O24 to a La2/3TiO3-type phase (Ibmm, No. 74). Further kinetic studies of Pb2+ diffusion into La4Ti9O24 ceramics suggest that the La4Ti9O24–La2/3TiO3 phase transition requires an activation energy of 607 ± 60 kJ/mol.


Perovskite Microwave Dielectric Property Orthorhombic Space Group Ceramic Bulk Good Microwave Dielectric Property 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Dr. H.Y. Lee of National Synchrotron Radiation Research Center (Taiwan) for collecting data of X-ray diffraction.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan
  2. 2.Nanomaterials LaboratoriesNational Institute for Materials ScienceTsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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