Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 14, pp 4477–4483 | Cite as

In situ deformation of silicon nanospheres

  • Julia Deneen
  • William M. Mook
  • Andrew Minor
  • William W. Gerberich
  • C. Barry CarterEmail author


As a natural response to the ongoing trend of device miniaturization, many effects of scaling on the properties of materials have become well documented. However, the mechanical properties of individual nanoparticles are not well understood and the direct observation of nanoparticle deformation has only recently been achieved. This work investigates the mechanical behavior of silicon nanospheres in the transmission electron microscope (TEM) using an in situ indentation sample holder. In situ TEM studies provide information which is not accessible by more traditional means, including particle orientation prior to deformation and the type and location of any preexisting defects. In this study, isolated nanoparticles were located and compressed between a diamond tip and a sapphire substrate. Here, the deformation behavior of individual particles is investigated and analogous strain fields between small particles are discussed.


Strain Field Scanning Tunneling Microscope Sapphire Substrate Bulk Silicon Silicon Nanoparticles 



This research was funded through NSF grant number CMS0322436. The authors acknowledge support of the staff and facilities at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. We would also like to thank Prof. Steven Girshick and the HPPD research group for provision of the particles, and Prof. Anders Thölén and Dr. Martina Luysberg for helpful discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Deneen
    • 1
  • William M. Mook
    • 1
  • Andrew Minor
    • 2
  • William W. Gerberich
    • 1
  • C. Barry Carter
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials ScienceUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.National Center for Electron MicroscopyLawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA

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