Journal of International Entrepreneurship

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 486–503 | Cite as

A cross-country comparison of the effects of institutions on internationally oriented innovation

  • Irina ErvitsEmail author
  • Malgorzata Zmuda


In this paper, we probe the relationship between institutions and internationally oriented innovation. For the first time, we use Patent Cooperation Treaty statistics as a new source of national-level data on the inventive activities of internationally oriented innovators, which we refer to as “global innovators.” One third of global innovators are small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). We apply these new data and investigate the effects of corruption and business climate on patenting activity. It is ascertained herein that the inventive activity of global innovators has a linear relationship with institutional factors, while there is no observed relationship between the quality of the institutional environment and PCT patenting by multinational enterprises (MNEs).


Innovation Invention Institutions Inventive activity Patent statistics Corruption Institutional quality 

Abstract (German)

In diesem Artikel erforschen wir den Zusammenhang zwischen Institutionen und international ausgerichteten erfinderischer Tätigkeit. Zum ersten Mal untersuchen wir, ob PCT-Patentanmeldungen auf nationaler Ebene als eine neue Datenquelle für die erfinderischen Aktivitäten der neuen Art von international ausgerichteten Unternehmen, die als „global innovators“ bezeichnet werden können. Das Drittel von global innovators besteht aus Klein- und Mittelunternehmen. Wir anwenden diese neue Datenquelle und untersuchen die Auswirkungen von Korruption und Geschäftsklima auf international ausgerichtete Erfinder. Es wurde festgestellt, dass es einen linearen Zusammenhang zwischen den Institutionen und erfinderischer Tätigkeit der global innovators gibt. Und es gibt keine Verbindung zwischen den Patentanmeldungen von großen multinationalen Firmen und institutionellen Gegebenheiten.

JEL classification

O30 O38 O57 L25 



The authors would like to thank anonymous reviewers and the editor for their careful and sympathetic reading of our manuscript and their insightful comments and suggestions. The contribution of M. Zmuda was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland (2015/17/B/HS4/02075).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cologne Business SchoolKölnGermany

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