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Journal of International Entrepreneurship

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 456–485 | Cite as

Are entrepreneurs made on campus? The impact of entrepreneurial universities and graduates’ human capital on graduates’ occupational choice

  • Stefan KrabelEmail author
Article
  • 201 Downloads

Abstract

Many universities are becoming more entrepreneurial by supporting spin-off activities of students and staff, installing entrepreneurship programs and creating networks with local entrepreneurs. But how do these activities affect university graduates’ employment choices? By utilizing different data sources, this question is addressed in the present study. Information collected through a large-scale graduate survey, implemented by the International Centre for Higher Education Research-Kassel, is combined with a ranking system of entrepreneurial orientation among German universities and data on the workforce within the university region. Empirical analysis suggests that the likelihood of entering self-employment is significantly positively related to the entrepreneurial orientation of the university. On the individual level, work experience prior to studying increases the likelihood of graduates entering self-employment while no robust influence of human capital indicators is detected.

Keywords

Entrepreneurship University Self-employment Knowledge transfer 

Abstrakt

Eine zunehmend unternehmerisch geprägte Kultur ist an vielen Hochschulen zu beobachten: Hochschulen unterstützen Gründungsaktivitäten von Studierenden und wissenschaftlichem Personal durch Coaching-Services sowie Lehrveranstaltungen zur Unternehmensführung und initiieren die Vernetzung mit lokalen Unternehmensgründern und -gründerinnen. Wie beeinflussen diese Aktivitäten die Berufswahl von Hochschulabsolventinnen und -absolventen? Diese Forschungsfrage wird in der vorliegenden Studie adressiert, indem drei verschiedene Datenquellen verknüpft und ausgewertet werden. Die Datenquellen umfassen eine groß angelegte Absolventenstudie des International Centre for Higher Education Research-Kassel, ein Ranking zur Entrepreneurial Orientation von deutschen Universitäten und Daten über die Beschäftigungsstruktur innerhalb von deutschen Regionen. Die empirischen Ergebnisse der Studie deuten darauf hin, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit der Aufnahme einer selbständigen Erwerbstätigkeit positiv mit der Entrepreneurial Orientation der Hochschule zusammenhängt. Ferner deuten die Ergebnisse der Studie daraufhin, dass Arbeitserfahrung vor dem Hochschulstudium die Wahrscheinlichkeit der Aufnahme einer selbstständigen Erwerbstätigkeit erhöht, während kein robuster Zusammenhang zu weiteren Indikatoren des Humankapitals festzustellen ist.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Innovation and TechnologyBerlinGermany

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