Journal of Family and Economic Issues

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 623–632 | Cite as

Mental Health Disorders and Their Relationship with Work-Family Conflict in Upper Egypt

  • Ehab Salah EshakEmail author
Original Paper


Data for mental health disorders and its relation to work and family issues in Egypt are scarce. We conducted this cross-sectional study among 1021 participants aged 18–59 years from Minia, Upper Egypt to measure the prevalence of mental health disorders and their associations with work-family conflict. Mental disorders were assessed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatry Interview (MINI-Plus) diagnostic interview and work-family conflict was assessed by the National Study of Midlife Development in the US. Work-to-family conflict (WFC) was associated with a 5.2% increase in the probability of mental health disorders; the multivariable-adjusted OR (95% CI) in subjects with high versus low WFC was 2.26 (1.18–4.34). On the other hand, there was a 2.0% increase in the probability of mental health disorders with high family-to-work conflict (FWC); OR (95% CI) was 1.37 (0.78–2.41). One point increment in the total score of work-family conflict was associated with a 3.4% increased probability for having a mental health disorder. The highest probabilities for having mental disorders were found among participants whose jobs require a lot of travel away from home (3.4%) or take much energy (3.5%) and among those whose family activities stop them from getting the amount of sleep needed to do their jobs (3.4%).


Work-family conflict Mental health disorders Egypt 



The author would extend thanks to the fourth grade medical students in Minia University who have helped in data collection.


No specific funds were received for this work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in this study were in accordance with the Helsinki declaration and was approved by Minia University research ethics committee.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of MedicineMinia UniversityMiniaEgypt
  2. 2.Public Health, Department of Social Medicine, Graduate School of MedicineOsaka UniversitySuita ShiJapan

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