Doping mechanisms and impedance study of Ba-substituted bismuth magnesium niobate pyrochlores

  • N. A. M. Dasin
  • K. B. TanEmail author
  • Z. Zainal
  • C. C. Khaw
  • S. K. Chen


Here we investigated the doping mechanisms and electrical properties of Ba-substituted Bi3.36Mg1.92-xBaxNb2.72O14.36 (BMBN) pyrochlores. Phase-pure BMBN pyrochlores prepared by solid-state reaction were found to crystallise in a cubic structure (Fd3m; No. 227) with their lattice parameters in the range 10.5968(16) - 10.5879(3) Å. The Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed that BMBN pyrochlores were composed of irregular shaped grains and their estimated crystallite sizes by both Williamson-Hall and Scherrer methods were in the range 50–75 nm and 60–70 nm, respectively. Neither thermal event nor significant weight loss was observed over the studied temperature range ~30–1000 °C, confirming that BMBN pyrochlores were thermally stable with negligible Bi2O3 loss. The high activation energies in the range 1.18–1.30 eV, as determined by the Arrhenius conductivity plots, showed BMBN pyrochlores to be highly insulating. The dielectric constants, ε’ and dielectric losses, tan δ were found in the range 147–183 and 7.9 × 10−2 - 9.6 × 10−2 at ~30 °C and 1 MHz. Negative temperature coefficient of capacitances, TCC, in the range (−478) - (−688) ppm/°C were recorded over ~30–300 °C at 1 MHz.


Pyrochlore Solid-state reaction Doping mechanism Dielectric Impedance spectroscopy 



The financial support from the Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia through Fundamental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS-02-01-15-1711FR) is gratefully appreciated.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Material Engineering, Lee Kong Chian Faculty of Engineering and ScienceUniversiti Tunku Abdul RahmanKajangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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