Solvothermal synthesis of Mn3O4 as an anode material for lithium ion batteries

  • Yun Yang
  • Shuijin Yang
  • Chuanqi FengEmail author
  • Hao Zheng
  • Qinghua Xia


The nanoparticles of Mn3O4 has been self-assembly synthesized by the mixed solvothermal method. The PEO-PPO-PEO(P123) and hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) were used as surfactant. The results showed that Mn3O4 samples with different morphologies were synthesized using different surfactant. The Mn3O4 took on morphology of hierarchical pores microspheres when P123 was used as surfactant. The as-prepared hierarchical pores microspheres structure interconnected voids consists of clustered together of nanoparticles in diameter of about 100–120 nm. When HMTA was used as surfactant, the morphology of Mn3O4 was flowers-like microspheres with grain diameter of 2 μm which were assembled from clustered nanosheets. The results of electrochemical testing showed that the pure Mn3O4 synthesized using P123 as surfactant (MO-1) behaved a higher reversible capacity and better cycling performance than those of sample synthesized using HMTA as surfactant (MO-2) and the Mn3O4 material reported in other articles at present.


Inorganic compounds Chemical synthesis Electrochemical properties Anode material Mesoporous materials 



Financial support by the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21476063) is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yun Yang
    • 1
  • Shuijin Yang
    • 2
  • Chuanqi Feng
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hao Zheng
    • 1
  • Qinghua Xia
    • 1
  1. 1.Hubei Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Organic Chemical Materials and Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Synthesis and Applications of Organic Functional MoleculesHubei UniversityWuhanChina
  2. 2.Hubei Key Laboratory of Pollutant Analysis & Reuse Technology, College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringHubei Normal UniversityHuangshiChina

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