Portuguese version of the Partner Support for Father Involvement Scale: Preliminary Validation

  • Natália AntunesEmail author
  • Salomé Vieira-Santos
  • Maria-Teresa Ribeiro
  • Magda S. Roberto
Original Paper



Partner support in the performance of the parenting role is critical, as it increases father involvement in the care of the child. However, the measures to assess this type of support are scarce. This study presents the preliminary validation of the Portuguese version of the Partner Support for Father Involvement (PSFI) scale (confirmatory factor analysis, measurement invariance models, reliability, and concurrent and discriminant validity).


The participants were 486 independent (unrelated) parents, 243 fathers (Mage = 42.13, SD = 5.57) and 243 mothers (Mage = 39.67, SD = 4.78), who completed the PSFI (translated version), the EMBU and the Co-parenting Questionnaire.


Confirmatory factor analyses showed that the Portuguese PSFI had a three factor structure, in line with the original version of the scale (χ2 = 208.690, p < .001, CFI = .949, TLI = .931, SRMR = .040, RMSEA = .083, 90% CI [.072, .095]). An invariance analysis across mothers and fathers revealed the same structure for both. Cronbach’s alpha reliabilities were acceptable. Additionally, preliminary evidence of the scale’s concurrent and discriminant validity was found.


The results point to the suitability of the measure for the Portuguese population, namely in research contexts examining one partner’s perspective of the other partner’s involvement in parenting, and to its potential applicability for cross-cultural research. The measure will also be useful in clinical settings, namely as a tool in pre and post-intervention assessment, however further studies are needed to test this type of applicability.


Father involvement Partner support Validation study Psychometric properties PSFI 


Author Contributions

Conceptualization and design of the study were done by N.A., S.V-S., M-T.R.; data collection was done by N.A.; statistical analysis was done by M.-S.R.; Writing, Revision and Editing were done by N.A., S.V.-S., M.-T.R., M.S.R.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee (Faculty of Psychology of the University of Lisbon) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculdade de PsicologiaUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.CICPSI, Faculdade de PsicologiaUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal

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