Mental Health Cross-Informant Agreement for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Adolescents
- 35 Downloads
Cross-informant agreement between parent–youth dyads has been the focus of extensive research, but youth from diverse cultures have received less attention. Cross-information agreement between Indigenous and non-Indigenous parent–youth dyads were compared.
A total of 152 parent–youth dyads, consisting of 29.6% Indigenous and 70.4% non-Indigenous, were contrasted on level of agreement using the Child Behavior Checklist and Youth Self-Report forms of the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment.
The overall level of agreement for the full sample (r = .41) was comparable to the extent literature. As predicted, externalizing difficulties were rated with significantly higher levels of agreement than internalizing difficulties (externalizing r = .51; internalizing r = .32). While age did not significantly moderate the levels of agreement, gender did show an effect with female youth reporting higher levels of problems than males. The most notable finding was the cultural effect on levels of agreement. The rate of cross-informant agreement for the Indigenous parent–youth dyads was significantly higher than the low to moderate agreement found for non-Indigenous pairs. Moreover, the level of cross-informant agreement between the externalizing and internalizing problem scales was similar for the Indigenous dyads (r = .59; r = .62, respectively), but was significantly different for the non-Indigenous dyads (r = .50; r = .19, respectively).
This study highlights possible cultural differences in cross-informant agreement between Indigenous and non-Indigenous youth and their parents
KeywordsIndigenous Cross-informant Adolescent
The researchers would like to thank Bruce Weaver from Lakehead University for his invaluable knowledge and expertise that helped to advance the statistical analyses of this project.
S.M.S. completed some of the analyses and wrote the majority of the manuscript. F.S. led the study, collected the data, and helped write and edit the manuscript. K.R.K. led the data analyses and helped write and edit the manuscript. C.J.M. provided input regarding interpretation of the Indigenous results and helped write and edit the manuscript
C.J.M.’s participation in this project was partly supported by the Canada Research Chair’s Program.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the child behavior checklist/4–18 and 1991 profile.. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont.Google Scholar
- Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA school-age forms & profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, and Families.Google Scholar
- Choudhury, M. S., Pimentel, S. S., & Kendall, P. C. (2003). Childhood anxiety disorders: Parent–child (dis) agreement using a structured interview for the DSM-IV. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 957–964. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.CHI.0000046898.27264.A2.Google Scholar
- Constitution Act (1982) Being Schedule B to the Canada Act 1982 (UK), 1982, c 11.Google Scholar
- De Los Reyes, A. (2011). Introduction to the special section: More than measurement error: Discovering meaning behind informant discrepancies in clinical assessments of children and adolescents. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 40(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2011.533405.Google Scholar
- Dirks, M. A., De Los Reyes, A., Briggs-Gowan, M. J., Cella, D., & Wakschlag, L. S. (2012). Embracing not erasing contextual variability in children’s behavior—Theory and utility in the selection and use of methods and informants in developmental psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53, 558–574. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02537.x.Google Scholar
- Ewert v. Canada, FC 1093 (2015). https://www.canlii.org/en/ca/fct/doc/2015/2015fc1093/2015fc1093.html.
- Kirmayer, L. J., Brass, G. M., & Tait, C. L. (2000). The mental health of Aboriginal peoples: Transformations of identity and community. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 45, 607–616. http://ww1.cpaapc.org:8080/publications/archives/cjp/2000/sep/inreview.asp.Google Scholar
- Kolko, D. J., & Kazdin, A. E. (1993). Emotional/behavioral problems in clinic and nonclinic children: Correspondence among child, parent and teacher reports. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 34, 991–1006. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.1993.tb01103.x.Google Scholar
- McShane, K. E., & Hastings, P. D. (2004). Culturally sensitive approaches to research on child development and family practices in First Peoples communities. First Peoples Child and Family Review, 1(1), 38–44. http://journals.sfu.ca/fpcfr/index.php/FPCFR/article/view/9.Google Scholar
- Mushquash, C. J., & Bova, D. L. (2007). Cross-cultural assessment and measurement issues. Journal on Developmental Disabilities, 13(1), 53–65. 10.1.1.489.5002.Google Scholar
- Neckoway, R., Brownlee, K., & Castellan, B. (2007). Is attachment theory consistent with Aboriginal parenting realities?. First People’s Child & Family Review, 3(2), 65–74. http://journals.sfu.ca/fpcfr/index.php/FPCFR/article/view/43.Google Scholar
- Red Horse, J. G. (1980). Family structure and value orientation in American Indians. Social Casework, 61(8), 462–467. https://www.dshs.wa.gov/ca/appendix-cultural-legal-articles/family-structure-and-value-orientation-american-indians.Google Scholar
- Red Horse, J. G., Lewis, R., Feit, M., & Decker, J. (1978). Family behavior of urban American Indians. Social Casework, 59(2), 67–72. http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1980-03129-001.Google Scholar
- Rescorla, L. A., Ewing, G., Ivanova, M. I., Aebi, M., Bilenberg, N., Dieleman, G. C., & Verhulst, F. C. (2017). Parent-adolescent cross-informant agreement in clinically referred samples: Findings from seven societies. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 46, 74–87. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2016.1266642.Google Scholar
- Rescorla, L. A., Ginzburg, S., Achenbach, T. M., Ivanova, M. Y., Almqvist, F., Begovac, I., & Döpfner, M. (2013). Cross-informant agreement between parent-reported and adolescent self-reported problems in 25 societies. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 42, 262–273. https://doi.org/10.1080/15374416.2012.717870.Google Scholar
- Retz, W., Retz-Junginger, P., Hengesch, G., Schneider, M., Thome, J., Pajonk, F. G., & Rösler, M. (2004). Psychometric and psychopathological characterization of young male prison inmates with and without attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 254, 201–208. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-004-0470-9.Google Scholar
- Statistics Canada (2016). Thunder bay district. 2016 Census of population. Ottawa. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dppd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CD&Code1=3558&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Thunder%20Bay&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=Ethnic%20origin&TABID=1
- Teplin, L. A., Abram, K. M., McClelland, G. M., Dulcan, M. K., & Mericle, A. A. (2002). Psychiatric disorders in youth in juvenile detention. Archives of General, 59, 1133–1143 http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.lakeheadu.ca/10.1001/archpsyc.59.12.1133.
- Wall, T. L., Garcia-Andrade, C., Wong, V., Lau, P., & Ehlers, C. L. (2000). Parental history of alcoholism and problem behaviors in Native-American children and adolescents. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 24(1), 30–34. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-0277.2000.tb04549.x.Google Scholar
- Williamson, A., Andersen, M., Redman, S., Dadds, M., D’Este, C., & Daniels, J., et al. (2014). Measuring mental health in Indigenous young people: A review of the literature from 1998–2008. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 19, 260–272. https://doi.org/10.1177/1359104513488373.Google Scholar