Poly-victimization among Secondary High School Students in Saudi Arabia

  • Majid A. Al-EissaEmail author
  • Hassan N. Saleheen
  • Maha Almuneef
  • Saja Al-Sulaiman
  • Fadia S. AlBuhairan
Original Paper


Poly-victimization can occur during childhood resulting in adverse events on health and well–being. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of past year as well as lifetime prevalence of poly-victimization among adolescents in Saudi Arabia (SA). A cross-sectional study was conducted in the five main provinces of SA. Boys and girls (n = 16,010) from public and private secondary high schools were selected to participate in the study. Nearly three-quarters (72%) experienced poly-victimizations during their lives and two third (66%) during the past year. Participants living with extended family, and living with a biologic and step-parent were 1.3 and 1.9 times respectively more likely to be poly-victimized during their lives and were 1.2 and 1.7 times respectively during the past year. Public policy should be established that encourages social workers and child protection services to screen for poly-victimization in cases of suspected adolescent maltreatment.


Poly-victimization ISPCAN ICAST-CH Step-parent Adolescents Saudi Arabia 


Author Contributions

M.A.E.: Principal Investigator of the ICAST study and contributed to the design and preparation of the article. H.S.: Carried out the analysis of the data, and brought the sections on the results. S.A.: Prepared and wrote the literature review. F.A.: Contributed to the discussion section, over saw the production of the data, and helped to conceptualize the article. M.A.: Prepared aspects of the discussion and the literature review.


This study was funded by King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC) with research protocol number: RR11/008.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.King Abdullah International Medical Research CenterKing Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health SciencesRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.National Family Safety ProgramKing Abdulaziz Medical City - Ministry of National Guard Health AffairsRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsKing Abdullah Specialized Children’s HospitalRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  4. 4.King Saud bin Abdulaziz for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS)College of MedicineRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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