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Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 73–83 | Cite as

The Effects of Parent, Sibling and Peer Substance Use on Adolescent Drinking Behaviors

  • Ali M. YurasekEmail author
  • Leslie Brick
  • Bridget Nestor
  • Lynn Hernandez
  • Hannah Graves
  • Anthony Spirito
Original Paper
  • 221 Downloads

Abstract

Understanding influences and predictors of adolescent alcohol use is necessary for treatment and prevention efforts. Although parent, sibling, and peer substance use have demonstrated associations with adolescent drinking, there is a need to examine the unique predictive role of each variable across time. The purpose of the current study was to longitudinally examine the varying influences of parent, sibling, and peer substance use on adolescent drinking. Participants were 102 at-risk adolescents referred to a randomized intervention trial. Hierarchical multiple regressions were conducted to assess the utility of parent alcohol use, sibling alcohol use, and peer substance use to predict drinking outcomes in the referred adolescent at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up assessments. Results indicated that sibling and peer substance use significantly predicted adolescent drinking frequency above and beyond parent alcohol use at all three time points and drinking quantity and frequency of intoxication at the 12-month follow-up. Peer substance use predicted high volume drinking episodes at all follow-ups and frequency of intoxication at the 3- and 6-month follow-up, whereas only sibling alcohol use predicted drinking quantity at the 3-month follow-up. Parent alcohol use was not a significant predictor of drinking outcomes at any time point. Both sibling and peer substance use were better predictors of adolescent drinking typology at different assessment time points compared to parent alcohol use. These findings highlight the importance of assessing and targeting sibling and peer substance use in intervention and prevention programs.

Keywords

Substance use Adolescents Parent alcohol use Peer substance use Sibling alcohol use 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (AA017659).

Author Contributions

A.M.Y. designed and executed the study, assisted with the data analyses, and wrote the paper. L.B. conducted the revised statistical analyses and wrote the results for the second revision. B.N. conducted literature searches, provided summaries of previous research studies, and collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript. L.H. and H.G. collaborated with the design of the study, implemented the research plan, and assisted with editing the final manuscript. A.S. collaborated in the design of the study, wrote the original protocol, provided oversight on the implemented research plan, and collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript. All authors contributed to and have approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

Brown University and associated hospital Institutional Review Board approved all study-related procedures. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health Education and Behavior, College of Health and Human PerformanceUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.Vanderbilt UniversityNashvilleUSA

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