Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 218–232 | Cite as

Black Parenting Couples’ Discussions of the Racial Socialization Process: Occurrence and Effectiveness

  • Shawn C. T. JonesEmail author
  • Enrique W. NeblettJr.
Original Paper


Racial socialization (RS) is one of the most important practices Black parents undertake to promote the well-being of Black children. However, research has not examined how Black coparents navigate RS together. Integrating principles from the RS and coparenting literatures, this study investigated whether individual (e.g., racial identity), couple (e.g., relationship satisfaction), and contextual (e.g., neighborhood composition) correlates influenced the occurrence and effectiveness of inter-parental dialogue about RS. Forty-four couples completed surveys and responded to two RS vignettes, which were videotaped and coded. Actor-partner interdependence models (APIM) revealed significant actor and partner effects at all levels. Implications of the current study are discussed in terms of future research on how parents traverse the RS process are presented.


Black American Couples Coparents Racial socialization Communication 


Author Contributions

S.C.T.J.: designed and executed the study, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper. E.W.N.: provided guidance in the study development and collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript.


This work was supported by a doctoral dissertation grant through the Fahs Beck Fund for Research and Experimentation and the John Dashiell Dissertation Start Up Award from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Psychology Department.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. IRB Approval was obtained at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Supplementary material

10826_2018_1248_MOESM1_ESM.docx (26 kb)
Supplementary Information


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.University of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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