The Abbreviated Dysregulation Inventory: Dimensionality and Psychometric Properties in Portuguese Adolescents
- 86 Downloads
Psychological dysregulation is a complex and multidimensional construct encompassing cognitive, emotional, and behavioral dimensions. Research on psychological dysregulation emphasizes its importance in relation to several psychological disorders. However, assessing psychological dysregulation is often problematic because many of the existing instruments address a specific dysregulation dimension at a time, predominantly emotional dysregulation. The Abbreviated Dysregulation Inventory (ADI) was developed to assess three dimensions of psychological dysregulation: emotional, cognitive and behavioral. This study’s goal was to analyze the factor structure, internal consistency, and validity in relation to external variables of the Portuguese version of the ADI in a sample of 511 adolescents aged between 12 and 19 years old. The 3-factor solution was confirmed, and high internal consistency was found for the three subscales. Peculiar findings on the cognitive dysregulation subscale raised issues addressed in the discussion section. Results indicated that dysregulation associates positively with aggressive behavior and negatively with quality of life. Age and gender presented small influence on the cognitive and behavioral subscales scores, respectively. Findings suggested that ADI can be a valuable self-report measure to assess cognitive, behavioral or emotional dysregulation in youths, within research and psychological intervention settings.
KeywordsAbbreviated Dysregulation Inventory Psychological dysregulation Validation Emotional regulation Self-report measures
C.D.M. conducted the literature review and statistical analyses, manuscript preparation, revisions and editing; D.R. contributed to the design, coordinating data collection and methodological aspects concerning this paper, manuscript revisions and editing; P.V. and B.S. provided further consulting for methodology and statistical analyses, and revising and editing the final manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee, the approval from the Ethical Committee from the Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences of the University of Coimbra, and in accordance with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants, or their legal representatives, included in the study.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th edn. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association (APA).Google Scholar
- Anestis, M. D., Bagge, C. L., Tull, M. T., & Joiner, T. E. (2011). Clarifying the role of emotion dysregulation in the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior in an undergraduate sample. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45(5), 603–611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2010.10.013.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Berke, D. S., Reidy, D., & Zeichner, A. (2018). Masculinity, emotion regulation, and psychopathology: a critical review and integrated model. Clinical Psychology Review. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2018.01.004
- Bushman, B. J., Baumeister, R. F., & Phillips, C. M. (2001). Do people agree to improve their mood? Catharsis beliefs, affect regulation opportunity, and aggressive responding. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 17–32. https://doi.org/10.1037//0022-35220.127.116.11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Castillo, A., Mezzich, A., Tarter, R. E., Giancola, P. R., Lu, S., & Kirisci, L. et al. (1997). Substance use and risky sexual behavior in female adolescents. Drug and alcohol dependence, 44(2–3), 157–66. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871696013336.Google Scholar
- Coutinho, J., Ribeiro, E., Ferreirinha, R., & Dias, P. (2009). Versão Portuguesa da Escala de Dificuldades de Regulação Emocional e a sua relação com sintomas psicopatológicos. [Portuguese version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and its relation to psychopathological symptoms.]. Revista Délelőtt Psiquiatria Clínica, 37(4), 145–151. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0101-60832010000400001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cruz-Katz, S. J., Cruise, K. R. & Quinn, T. A. (2010) The abbreviated dysregulation inventory: examining the factor structure and testing associations with adolescent aggression. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Westin Bayshore Hotel, Vancouver, BC, Canada. http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p398806_index.html
- Garnefski, N., Kraaij, V., & van Etten, M. (2005). Specificity of relations between adolescents’ cognitive emotion regulation strategies and Internalizing and Externalizing psychopathology. Journal of Adolescence, 28(5), 619–631. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2004.12.009.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Gaspar, M., Calmeiro & KIDSCREEN Group Europe (2005). KIDSCREEN-10 [Portuguese Version of the KIDSCREEN-10 Index]. Unpublished material.Google Scholar
- Gratz, K., & Roemer, L. (2004). Multidimensional assessment of emotion regulation and dysregulation: development, factor structure, and initial validation of the difficulties in emotion regulation scale. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26(1), 41–54. 0882-2689/04/0300-0041/0.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. 2nd edn. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Gary, S., & Fennlo, C. (2018). Ethnologue: languages of the world. 21st edn. Dallas, Texas: SIL International.Google Scholar
- Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive–behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Lino, A. M., Nobre-Lima, L., & Mónico, L. S. (2016). The moderating role of length of stay in the relationship between cognitive dysregulation and peer attachment in adolescent boys and girls living in residential care. Children and Youth Services Review, 71, 290–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2016.11.018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Marsee, M. (2005). Exploring the functional subtypes of relational and overt aggression in a sample of detained girls. [Dissertation]. New Orleans, Louisiana, USA: University of New Orleans.Google Scholar
- Petiz, M. V. (2011). Contributo para a validação da Escala de Conflitos Entre Pares: estudos psicométricos e relação com medo da avaliação negativa e esquemas nucleares [Contributes to the validation of the Peer-Conflict Scale: psychometric studies and relation to fear of negative evaluation and core schemas]. Unpublished master thesis. Coimbra, Portugal: Universidade de Coimbra.Google Scholar
- Petiz, M., & Rijo, D. (2011). A Escala Breve de Desregulação Emocional [The Abbreviated Dysregulation Inventory]. Coimbra, Portugal: Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra. Unpublished material.Google Scholar
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., Erhart, M., Rajmil, L., Herdman, M., Auquier, P., & Bruil, J. et al. (2010). Reliability, construct and criterion validity of the KIDSCREEN-10 score: a short measure for children and adolescents’ well-being and health-related quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 19(10), 1487–1500. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-010-9706-5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Ravens-Sieberer, U., & the European KIDSCREEN Group. (2006). The KIDSCREEN Questionnaires -Quality of life questionnaires for children and adolescents – handbook. Lengerich: Pabst Science Publisher.Google Scholar
- Salters-Pedneault, K., Roemer, L., Tull, M. T., Rucker, L., & Mennin, D. S. (2006). Evidence of broad deficits in emotion regulation associated with chronic worry and generalized anxiety disorder. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 469–480. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9055-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Simões, A. (1993). São os homens mais agressivos que as mulheres? [Are men more aggressive than women?]. Revista Portuguesa Délelőtt Pedagogia, XXVII(3), 387–404.Google Scholar
- Simões, M. (1994). Investigações no âmbito da aferição nacional do teste das matrizes progressivas coloridas de Raven (M. P. C. R.) [Research on the national adaptation of Raven’s Coloured Progressive Matrices (Raven’s CPM)]. Coimbra, Portugal: University of Coimbra. Unpublished doctoral dissertation.Google Scholar
- Tarter, R., Kirisci, L., Mezzich, A., Cornelius, J., Pajer, K., & Vanyukov, M. et al. (2003). Neurobehavioral disinhibition in childhood predicts early age at onset of substance use disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1078–1085. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.160.6.1078.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Vieira, S. & Soeiro, C. (2002). Questionário de Agressividade de Buss & Perry [Buss & Perry’s Aggressiveness Questionnaire]. Unpublished material.Google Scholar
- Werner, K., & Gross, J. J. (2010). Emotion regulation and psychopathology: a conceptual framework. In D. Sloan & A. Kring (Eds.), Emotion regulation and psychopathology. a transdiagnostic approach to etiology and treatment (pp. 13–37). New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- White, B. A., Jarrett, M. A., & Ollendick, T. H. (2012). Self-regulation deficits explain the link between reactive aggression and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in children. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 35(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-012-9310-9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Williams, F. M., Fernandez-Berrocal, P., Extremera, N., Ramos-Diaz, N., & Joiner, T. E. (2004). Mood regulation skill and the symptoms of endogenous and hopelessness depression in Spanish high school students. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 26, 233–240. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JOBA.0000045339.67766.86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar