Advertisement

Child Maltreatment Prevention Strategies and Needs

  • Kathryn Maguire-Jack
  • Tori Negash
  • Kenneth J. Steinman
Original Paper

Abstract

This secondary qualitative study explored local perceptions of the causes of child maltreatment and prevention needs in 12 counties in a midwestern state through focus groups with relevant stakeholders. The study further explored perspectives on if the existing programs were meeting local needs. A total of 107 individuals took part in 13 focus group sessions across 12 counties as part of a needs assessment process. In this qualitative secondary data analysis, constant comparative analysis—including open, axial, and selective coding—was used to examine perceptions of maltreatment prevention needs and how these coincided with available programs. Stakeholders identified several factors they believed to be causes of child maltreatment across the counties, including intergenerational issues (e.g., cycle of violence), poverty, social isolation, and behavioral health issues. Specific child maltreatment prevention programs were singled out as particularly beneficial, while other types of programs or services such as affordable housing, were noted as missing or inadequate. Participants also highlighted barriers to receiving services across their counties. Despite differences in terms of county characteristics, the findings suggest that causes of maltreatment and service needs are shared across geographic boundaries. While available programs tended to focus on parenting education, counties identified significant maltreatment prevention needs that also ameliorate poverty and substance use.

Keywords

Maltreatment Prevention Qualitative Focus groups 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Dr. Kristen Slack and Dr. Bridget Freisthler for assistance in conceptualizing this study.

Author Contributions

K.M.J.: Conceptualized the study, collaborated to conduct secondary qualitative data analysis, and wrote paper. T.N.: Collaborated to conduct secondary qualitative data analysis and wrote paper. K.S.: Collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

The Institutional Review Board at The Ohio State University deemed this study not human subjects research, as the data were collected for the purposes of program evaluation and the analyses for this study were conducted on completely de-identified transcribed focus group information.

References

  1. Appleyard, K., Berlin, L., Rosanbalm, K., & Dodge, K. (2011). Preventing early child maltreatment: Implications from a longitudinal study of maternal abuse history, substance use problems, and offspring victimization. Prevention Science, 12(2), 139–149.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-010-0193-2.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Belsky, J. (1980). Child maltreatment: An ecological integration. American Psychologist, 35(4), 320–335.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Berger, L. (2004). Income, family structure, and child maltreatment risk. Children and Youth Services Review, 26(8), 725–748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Berger, L. M., Font, S. A., Slack, K. S., & Waldfogel, J. (2016). Income and child maltreatment in unmarried families: Evidence from the earned income tax credit. Review of Economics of the Household. Advance online publication.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s11150-016-9346-9.
  5. Boeije, H. (2002). A purposeful approach to the constant comparative method in the analysis of qualitative interviews. Quality & Quantity, 36(4), 391–409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cancian, M., Yang, M., & Slack, K. (2013). The effect of additional child support income on the risk of child maltreatment. Social Service Review, 87(3), 417–437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2010). Community health assessment and group evaluation (CHANGE) action guide: Building a foundation of knowledge to prioritize community needs. Atlanta, GA: U.S.Department of Health and Human Services.Google Scholar
  8. Cluxton-Keller, F., Burrell, L., Crowne, S. S., McFarlane, E., Tandon, S. D., Leaf, P. J., & Duggan, A. K. (2014). Maternal relationship insecurity and depressive symptoms as moderators of home visiting impacts on child outcomes. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 23(8), 1430–1443.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Daro, D., & Benedetti, G., (2013). Sustaining progress in preventing child malreatment. In: J. Korbin, R. D. Kurgman (eds.) Handbook of child maltreatment. (Vol. 2. pp. 281–300), New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
  10. Dauber, S., Ferayorni, F., Henderson, C., Hogue, A., Nugent, J., & Alcantara, J. (2017). Substance use and depression in home visiting clients: Home visitor perspectives on addressing clients’ needs. Journal of Community Psychology Apr, 45(3), 396–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dauber, S., John, T., Hogue, A., Nugent, J., & Hernandez, G. (2017). Development and implementation of a screen-and-refer approach to addressing maternal depression, substance use, and intimate partner violence in home visiting clients. Children and Youth Services Review, 81, 157–167.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Doidge, J. C., Higgins, D. J., Delfabbro, P., & Segal, L. (2017). Risk factors for child maltreatment in an Australian population-based birth cohort. Child Abuse & Neglect, 64, 47–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Drake, B., & Jonson-Reid, M. (2013). Poverty and child maltreatment. In: J. Korbin & R. D. Kurgman (eds.), Handbook of child maltreatment (Vol. 2, 131–148). New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
  14. Emerson, R., Fretz, R., & Shaw, L. (1995). Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes.. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Geeraert, L., Van den Noortgate, W., Greitens, H., & Onghena, P. (2004). The effects of early prevention programs for families with young children at risk for physical child abuse and neglect: A meta-analysis. Child Maltreatment, 9(3), 277–291.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Glaser, B., & Strauss, A. (1967). The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research.. Chicago: Aldine.Google Scholar
  17. Goodson, B. D., Mackrain, M., Perry, D. F., O’Brien, K., & Gwaltney, M. K. (2013). Enhancing home visiting with mental health consultation. Pediatrics, 132(Suppl 2), S180–S190.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Green, A., Trott, E., Willging, C., Finn, N., Ehrhart, M., & Aarons, G. (2016). The role of collaborations in sustaining an evidence-based intervention to reduce child neglect. Child Abuse & Neglect, 53, 4–16.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.11.013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Heaton, P. Institute of Medicine & National Research Council (2004). Reworking Qualitative Data.London: Sage Publications.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Institute of Medicine & National Research Council (2014). Consequences of child abuse and neglect. In A. C. Petersen, J. Joseph & M. Feit (Eds.), New directions in child abuse and neglect research (pp. 111–174). Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  21. Israel, B., Schulz, A., Parker, E., & Becker, A. (1998). Review of community-based research: Assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 173–202.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.19.1.173.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Jones, D. E., Tang, M., Folger, A., Ammerman, R. T., Hossain, M. M., Short, J., & Van Ginkel, J. B. (2018). Neighborhood effects on PND symptom severity for women enrolled in a home visiting program.Community Mental Health Journal, 54(4), 420–428.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Kim, H., Wildeman, C., Jonson-Reid, M., & Drake, B. (2017). Lifetime prevalence of investigating child maltreatment among US children. American Journal of Public Health, 107(2), 274–280.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Lanier, P., Maguire-Jack, K., & Welch, H. (2015). A nationally representative study of early childhood home visiting service use in the United States. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 19(10), 2147–2158.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Lee, S., Aos, S., & Miller, M. (2008). Evidence-based programs to prevent children entering and remaining in the child welfare system (Document 08–07-3901). Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.Google Scholar
  26. Leech, N., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2008). Qualitative data analysis: A compendium of techniques and a framework for selection for school psychology research and beyond. School Psychology Quarterly, 23(4), 587–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. MacLeod, J., & Nelson, G. (2000). Programs for the promotion of family wellness and the prevention of child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24(9), 1127–1149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Maguire-Jack, K. (2014). The role of prevention services in the county context of child maltreatment. Children & Youth Services Review, 43, 85–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Maslow, A. H. (1954). Motivation and personality.. New York, NY: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  31. Merritt, D., Maguire-Jack, K., & Negash, T. (2018). Effective program models for the prevention of child maltreatment. In J. B. Klika & J. R. Conte (Eds.), The APSAC Handbook on Child Maltreatment, 4th edn. (pp. 252–271). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  32. Mikton, C., & Butchart, A. (2009). Child maltreatment prevention: A systematic review of reviews. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 87, 353–361.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  33. Olds, D. (2006). The Nurse- Family Partnership: An evidence-based preventive intervention. Infant Mental Health Journal, 27(1), 5–25.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Putnam-Hornstein, E., & Needell, B. (2011). Predictors of child protective service contact between birth and age five: An examination of California’s 2002 birth cohort. Children and Youth Services Review, 33(11), 1337–1344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Raissian, K., & Bullinger, L. (2017). Money matters: Does the minimum wage affect child maltreatment rates? Children and Youth Services Review, 72, 60–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sabol, W., Coulton, C., & Korbin, J. (2004). Building community capacity for violence prevention. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(3), 322–340.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Sedlak, A., Metternburg, J., Basena, M., Petta, I., McPherson, K., Green, A., & Li, S. (2010). Fourth National Incidence Study ofChild Abuse and Neglect (NIS-4): Report to Congress, Executive Summary. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.Google Scholar
  38. Silverstein, M., Diaz-Linhart, Y., Cabral, H., Beardslee, W., Hegel, M., Haile, W., Sander, J., Patts, G., & Feinberg, E. (2017). Efficacy of a maternal depression prevention strategy in head start: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Psychiatry, 74(8), 781–789.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Slack, K. (2009). Introduction. In K. S. Slack, K. Maguire-Jack & L. M. Gjertson (Eds.), Child Maltreatment Prevention: Toward an Evidence-Based Approach.. Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty.Google Scholar
  40. Slack, K., Holl, J., McDaniel, M., Yoo, J., & Bolger, K. (2004). Understanding the risks of child neglect: An exploration of poverty and parenting characteristics. Child Maltreatment, 9(4), 395–408.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Smedley, B., & Syme, S. (2001). Promoting health: Intervention strategies from social and behavioral research. American Journal of Health Promotion, 15(3), 149–166.  https://doi.org/10.4278/0890-1171-15.3.149.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Stith, S., Liu, T., Davies, C., Boykin, E., Alder, M., Harris, J., & Dees, J. (2009). Risk factors in child maltreatment: A meta-analytic review of the literature. Aggression & Violent Behavior, 14(1), 13–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Sumner, S., Mercy, J., Dahlberg, L., Hillis, S., Klevens, J., & Houry, D. (2015). Violence in the United States. JAMA: Journal of The American Medical Association, 314(5), 478–488.  https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2015.8371.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Trickett, E., Beehler, S., Deutsch, C., Green, L., Hawe, P., McLeroy, K., & Trimble, J. (2011). Advancing the science of community-level interventions. American Journal of Public Health, 101(8), 1410–1419.  https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2010.300113.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  45. Wagner, M., Spiker, D., Linn, M. I., Gerlach-Downie, S., & Hernandez, F. (2003). Dimension of parental engagement in home visiting programs: Exploratory study. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 23(4), 171–187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn Maguire-Jack
    • 1
  • Tori Negash
    • 1
  • Kenneth J. Steinman
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Social WorkThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  2. 2.College of Education and Human EcologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

Personalised recommendations