Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 9, pp 2990–2998 | Cite as

Linkage between Parent-Child Frontal Resting Electroencephalogram (EEG) Asymmetry: The Moderating Role of Emotional Parenting

  • Hui Wang
  • Xiaoqin Mai
  • Zhuo Rachel HanEmail author
  • Yannan Hu
  • Xuemei Lei
Original Paper


Frontal resting electroencephalogram (EEG) asymmetry is an important physiological indicator of emotion regulation, positive/negative emotion, and approach/withdrawal tendencies. The present study examined the relationship of parent-child frontal resting EEG asymmetry patterns and explored the potential moderating role of emotional parenting on such a relationship. We recorded the frontal resting EEG asymmetry of thirty-nine children (M age = 8.87 years) and their primary caregivers (M age = 39.41 years) and coded their emotional parenting behaviors (psychological control and psychological unavailability) based on behavioral observations. The results indicated that there was not a direct association between parent-child frontal resting EEG asymmetry but that the relationship was moderated by parental psychological control. Specifically, the resting frontal EEG asymmetry of the parents was negatively associated with the EEG asymmetry of their children only under higher levels of parental psychological control. However, psychological unavailability did not exhibit a moderating effect. Accordingly, our findings highlight the critical but differential role of emotional parenting behaviors with respect to the association between the frontal resting EEG asymmetry of parents and their children.


Parent-child physiological similarity Frontal resting EEG asymmetry Emotional parenting Emotion regulation 



This project was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31500898), granted to the third author.

Author Contributions:

HW: designed and executed the study, analyzed the data, and wrote the paper. XM: collaborated with the design and writing of the study and assisted with data analyses. RH: designed the study, wrote the paper, and edited the final manuscript. YH: assisted with data analyses and paper writing. XL: assisted with data analysis and edited the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics Approval

The study procedures were approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of Beijing Normal University.

Informed Consent

All participants provided written informed consent or minor assent.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaoqin Mai
    • 2
  • Zhuo Rachel Han
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yannan Hu
    • 1
  • Xuemei Lei
    • 1
  1. 1.Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, National Demonstration Center for Experimental Psychology Education (Beijing Normal University), Faculty of PsychologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina

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