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Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 1981–1991 | Cite as

Maternal Depression, Social Vulnerability and Gender: Prediction of Emotional Problems Among Schoolchildren

  • Fernanda Aguiar PizetaEmail author
  • Sonia Regina Loureiro
  • Sonia Regina Pasian
Original Paper
  • 250 Downloads

Abstract

This paper analyzes the predictive effect of recurrent maternal depression and social vulnerability indicators on internalizing behavior among schoolchildren, considering potential differences in mediator and moderator effects related to the children’s gender. A cross-section of 100 mother-child pairs participated in the study and were systematically assessed: mothers were aged between 25 and 45 years old and children were at school age (7–12 years old); 50 mothers presented recurrent depression and 50 mothers presented no mental disorders. The mothers answered to a diagnostic interview, a general questionnaire and to the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Prediction models assessed maternal depression and social vulnerability indicators as well as the moderator and mediator effect of the children’s gender (p ≤ .05). The results indicate that maternal depression is directly and negatively related to emotional problems for boys and girls, maintaining its significant impact for girls in the presence of cumulative risks. For the effect of cumulative risks for such an outcome, the mothers’ low educational level influence emotional problems among boys. Gender was not identified as a moderator or mediator variable. Identifying the differentiated impact of maternal depression and other vulnerable conditions for boys and girls can support public policies focused on child mental health and care delivery.

Keywords

Maternal depression School age children Emotional problems Social vulnerability Cumulative risks 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by a grant from the National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico—CNPq), allocating resources to the researcher Sonia Regina Loureiro.

Author Contributions

F.A.P.: designed and executed the study, analyzed the data, wrote the paper, and editing of the final manuscript, S.R.L.: collaborated with the design, assisted with the data analyses, and wrote the paper, and S.R.P.: collaborated with the design, assisted with the data analyses, and wrote the paper,

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of national research committee and with Helsink declaration and its later amendments. The authors declare that the study was submitted to the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of Ribeirão Preto—University of São Paulo (Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto—Universidade de São Paulo), approved under the number CAAE 45984315.9.0000.5407.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Curso de Psicologia da Universidade Paulista - UNIPRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Psicologia – Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Neurociências e Ciências do Comportamento – Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão PretoUniversidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil

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