Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 822–830 | Cite as

Mobile Phone Addiction and Adolescents’ Anxiety and Depression: The Moderating Role of Mindfulness

  • Xiujuan Yang
  • Zongkui ZhouEmail author
  • Qingqi Liu
  • Cuiying Fan
Original Paper



Prior studies have documented that mobile phone addiction is linked to anxiety and depression. However, the underlying processes that might moderate these associations remain unclear. The present research tested whether mindfulness moderated the relations between mobile phone addiction and both anxiety and depression in adolescents.


A sample of 1258 high school students (mean age = 16.76, SD = .94) in China completed the measures regarding their mobile phone addiction, anxiety, depression, and mindfulness.


Results of multiple regression analyses indicated that after controlling for gender and grade, mobile phone addiction was positively associated with adolescents’ anxiety and depression. In addition, the relationships between mobile phone addiction and both anxiety and depression were moderated by mindfulness, in that they were stronger for adolescents with lower levels of mindfulness.


The present research contributes to a deeper understanding of whether the links between mobile phone addiction and mental health problems (i.e., anxiety, depression) are moderated by important personality traits such as mindfulness. Limitations and research implications of these findings are discussed.


Mobile phone addiction Mindfulness Anxiety Depression Adolescents 



This study was supported by Major Program of National Social Science Foundation of China (11&ZD151), and Research Program Funds of the Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment toward Basic Education Quality at Beijing Normal University (2019-04-003-BZPK01). We would like to express our deep gratitude to Yunbo Liu for her contribution to our research.

Author contributions

X.Y. designed and executed the study, and wrote the paper. Z.Z. collaborated with the design and writing of the study. Q.L. analyzed the data and collaborated with the writing of the study. C.F. collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in our study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional (Central China Normal University) and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiujuan Yang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zongkui Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Qingqi Liu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cuiying Fan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU)Ministry of EducationWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of PsychologyCentral China Normal UniversityWuhanChina

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