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Peer Deviance, Social Networks, and Suicide Ideation Intensity in a Clinical Sample of Adolescents

  • Caroline H. AbbottEmail author
  • Abigail Zisk
  • Nadia Bounoua
  • Guy S. Diamond
  • Roger Kobak
Original Paper

Abstract

Objectives

Although research has identified interpersonal difficulties as risk factors for adolescent suicidality, parent and peer relationships are often assessed as discrete risk domains.

Methods

The current study uses a social network approach to assess individual differences in the degree to which a clinical sample of 129 adolescents being treated for suicidal ideation rely on parents or peers for their attachment needs.

Results

Youth who affiliated with deviant peers were more likely to: (a) report greater intensity (increased frequency and duration and decreased controllability) of their suicide ideation, and (b) identify peers rather than adults as attachment figures.

Conclusions

Adolescents’ peer relationships are associated with suicide ideation intensity in a clinical sample of suicidal and depressed adolescents.

Keywords

Suicide Adolescents Deviant peer affiliation Attachment hierarchies 

Notes

Author Contributions

C.H.A.: analyzed the data and wrote the paper. A.Z.: collaborated with the data analysis and writing of the paper. N.B.: collaborated with the writing and editing of the paper. G.S.D.: designed and executed the study, edited the final manuscript. R.K.: designed and executed the study, collaborated with the data analysis and writing of the paper.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This study was conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of the University of Delaware Institutional Review Board and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent/assent was obtained from all participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caroline H. Abbott
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abigail Zisk
    • 1
  • Nadia Bounoua
    • 1
  • Guy S. Diamond
    • 2
  • Roger Kobak
    • 1
  1. 1.University of DelawareNewarkUSA
  2. 2.Drexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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