Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 851–859 | Cite as

Paternal Self-efficacy, Fathering, and Children’s Behavioral Problems in Korea

  • Sook Young Shim
  • Sun Ah LimEmail author
Original Paper



With the introduction of co-parenting, Korean society has begun demanding that fathers share child-rearing responsibilities. In the present study, we examined the association between fathers’ parenting self-efficacy and children’s behavioral problems via fathers’ parenting behavior, after controlling for mothers’ parenting self-efficacy, to clearly identify the importance of fathers in child rearing.


We analyzed data from 1,463 children and their fathers, which were available from the 2014 Panel Study on Korean Children, by employing structural equation modeling.


The results were as follows. First, the results revealed that there was a significant association between fathers with parenting self-efficacy and both warm and positive controlling parental behaviors. Second, warm parental behavior was significantly associated with both internalizing and externalizing problems, while fathers’ positive controlling behavior was not linked to children’s behavioral problems. Third, fathers’ parenting self-efficacy had significant indirect effects on both internalizing and externalizing problems via warm parental behavior.


These findings imply the importance of the role of fathers in the family, father–child relationships for child development, and fathers’ parenting self-efficacy in child rearing.


Korea Paternal behavior Parental self-efficacy Parenting behavior Children’s behavioral problems 


Author Contributions

S.Y.S. designed and executed the study, conducted the literature review, and wrote the Introduction and Discussion. S.A.L. conducted data analyses, collaborated on study design, and wrote the Methods and Results. All authors have read the final manuscript and approve of publication.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The study protocol was approved by the IRB of the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education (KICCE) (approval no. 2015-03). All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

All participants gave consent to be in the annual survey.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sookmyung Women’s UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of EducationChonbuk National UniversityJeonju-siRepublic of Korea

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