An Exploratory Analysis of the Factors Associated with Fathers’ School Involvement in South Korea
The current “Dad Craze” trend has changed the South Korean father figure and has increased the number of fathers participating in children’s education. South Korean parents are known for placing a particularly high value on child education. Despite a significant body of research on fathers’ involvement with their children, no research has investigated the factors affecting fathers’ school involvement in South Korea. This study established an empirical framework for fathers’ school involvement based on the Lamb-Pleck four factor model and explored factors that influence Korean fathers’ school involvement.
Using data derived from an internet survey of South Korean fathers with school-aged children (N = 500), descriptive statistics analysis and a regression analysis were conducted to examine the level of fathers’ school involvement and its determinants.
Regression analysis showed that fathers’ parent efficacy (B = .367, p = .006) as a skill factor, wife’s support (B = .430, p < .000) as a social support factor, and working flexibility (B = .280, p = .001) as an institutional factor had a statistically significant effect on father school involvement.
This study revealed that skill (fathers’ parental efficacy), social support (wife’s support for fathering), and institutional factor (working flexibility) were key predictors of fathers’ involvement in their children’s schools. Father’s gender role attitude did not have a significant effect on the fathers’ school involvement. This study provides empirical evidence regarding determinants of fathers’ school involvement in South Korea and suggests policy implications in order to promote fathers’ school involvement.
KeywordsSouth Korean fathers Fathers’ school involvement Parental efficacy Wife’s support for fathering
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF- 2017S1A5B5A02024132).
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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