Happy Family Kitchen II: Participants’ Perspectives of a Community-based Family Intervention
- 104 Downloads
This qualitative study describes participants' experiences with a community-based family intervention. Guided by a positive psychology framework, the brief intervention was designed to enhance positive communication among family members using cooking and dining as a platform. Our interest was in understanding perceptions of benefits and barriers, with the intention of improving future development of communitybased family programs. Purposive sampling was used to recruit focus group participants from those who had participated in the family programs. Overall, 10 focus groups including 65 participants were conducted from April to July 2013. Thematic analysis of the focus groups suggested that the intervention was effective in promoting positive communication, increasing the use of age-appropriate parenting practices, and promoting quality family mealtime. These changes in turn led to perceived positive outcomes by our participants, including a sense of happiness and enhanced family relationship. Cultural and gender beliefs were identified as challenges and are important to consider for future family interventions. Time constraint was further highlighted as an important consideration both in the context of integrating skills into the family routine as well as a barrier to participation in family programs. Our findings add to the small but steadily increasing body of knowledge, especially from qualitative studies, on the effectiveness of brief family interventions.
KeywordsQualitative Family intervention Family meal Positive psychology Participants' perspectives
J.T.W.C. lead the development of the paper, conducted data analyses, and wrote the paper. H.C.Y.H. collaborated with the writing of the paper and data analyses. M.M. and A.W. designed and oversaw the management of the study. S.M.S. collaborated in the writing and editing of the paper. T.H.L. and S.S.C. provided feedback on the design of the study and write up of the paper.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Ethics approval was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of the University of Hong Kong/Hospital Authority Hong Kong West Cluster (UW 12-502). All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Albada, K. F., & Moore, J. L. (2013). Moving from positive thinking to positive talk: Implications for relational well-being. In: M. J. Pitts & T. J. Socha (Eds.), Positive communication in health and wellness (Vol. 3, pp. 117–132). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.Google Scholar
- Christian, M. S., Evans, C. E., Hancock, N., Nykjaer, C., & Cade, J. E. (2013). Family meals can help children reach their 5 A Day: A cross-sectional survey of children’s dietary intake from London primary schools. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(4), 332–338.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Cope, D. G. (2014). Methods and meanings: Credibility and trustworthiness of qualitative research. Paper presented at the Oncology nursing forum.Google Scholar
- DuBois, C. M., Beach, S. R., Kashdan, T. B., Nyer, M. B., Park, E. R., Celano, C. M., & Huffman, J. C. (2012). Positive psychological attributes and cardiac outcomes: Associations, mechanisms, and interventions. Psychosomatics, 53(4), 303–318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psym.2012.04.004.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Floyd, K. & Deiss, D. M. (2012). Better health, better lives: The bright side of affection. In: T. J. Socha, M. J. Pitts (eds.), The positive side of interpersonal communication (pp. 127–142). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.Google Scholar
- Ho, H. C. Y., Mui, M., Wan, A., Ng, Y.-L., Stewart, S. M., Yew, C., Lam, T. H. & Chan, S. S. (2016a). Happy Family Kitchen II: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of a Community-Based Family Intervention for Enhancing Family Communication and Well-being in Hong Kong. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 638. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00638.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Ho, H. C., Mui, M., Wan, A., Ng, Y.-l, Stewart, S. M., Yew, C., & Chan, S. S. (2016b). Happy Family Kitchen II: a cluster randomized controlled trial of a community-based positive psychology family intervention for subjective happiness and health-related quality of life in Hong Kong. Trials, 17(1), 367.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ho, H. C. Y., Mui, M., Wan, A., Stewart, S. M., Yew, C., Lam, T. H., & Chan, S. S. (2017). Happy Family Kitchen: Behavioral outcomes of a brief community-based family intervention in Hong Kong. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 26(10), 2852–2864. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-017-0788-3.Google Scholar
- Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. (2000). Focus groups: A practical guide for applied research. 3 ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- Lai, A. Y., Stewart, S. M., Mui, M. W., Wan, A., Yew, C., Lam, T. H., & Chan, S. S. (2017). An evaluation of a train-the-trainer workshop for social service workers to develop community-based family interventions. Frontiers in Public Health, 5(141). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00141.
- MacGeorge, E., Feng, B., Wilkum, K., & Doherty, E. (2012). Supportive communication: A positive response to negative life events. In T. J. Socha & M. J. Pitts (Eds.), The positive side of interpersonal communication (pp. 211–228). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing.Google Scholar
- Pitts, M. J., & Socha, T. (eds.) (2013). Positive communication in creatinghealthy lives, healthy relationships, and healthy institutions. In: Positive Communication in Healthand Wellness (pp. 1–24). Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang US.Google Scholar
- Rossman, M. (2002) Involving children in household tasks: is it worth the effort? http://www.cehd.umn.edu/research/highlights/Rossmann/. (Accessed Oct 2016).
- Sobal, J. (2000). Sociability and meals: Facilitation, commensality, and interaction. In: H. Meiselman (ed.), Dimensions of the Meal: The Science, Culture, Business, and Art of Eating (pp. 119–133). Gaithersburg: Aspen Publishers.Google Scholar
- Socha, T. J., & Pitts, M. J. (2012). The positive side of interpersonal communication. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.Google Scholar
- Sullivan, C. F. (2013). Positive relational communication: Impact on health. In M. J. Pitts & T. J. Socha (Eds.), Positive communication in health and wellness (Vol. 3, pp. 29–42). New York, NY: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
- Yang, N. (2005). Individualism-collectivism and work-family interfaces: A Sino-U.S. comparison. In: S. A. Y. Poelmans (ed.) Series in applied psychology. Work and family: An international research perspective (pp. 287–318), Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar