Advertisement

Journal of Computational Electronics

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 1372–1378 | Cite as

Design of an add filter and a 2-channel optical demultiplexer with high-quality factor based on nano-ring resonator

  • Gholamali Delphi
  • Saeed OlyaeeEmail author
  • Mahmood Seifouri
  • Ahmad Mohebzadeh-Bahabady
Article
  • 51 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, we first present the design of a nano-ring resonator-based filter, in which scattering rods are used at the corners of the structure. By choosing a suitable radius for the dielectric rods in the nano-ring resonator, low channel spacing and high-quality factor parameters have been achieved at 1586.8 nm wavelength. Then, using this filter, a 2-channel demultiplexer is developed. In the proposed demultiplexer, two lattice constants are used: a1 for the main structure and a2 for the structure in the nano-ring resonator. The difference in the lattice constants results in an increase in the quality factor. Some of the advantages of this 2-channel demultiplexer include an average quality factor of 5443, average channel spacing of 0.35 nm, and central wavelengths of 1554.5 nm and 1557.1 nm, respectively, for the first and second channels. Moreover, the minimum and maximum inter-channel cross talks are − 17.63 dB and − 12.1 dB, respectively. Due to the 2.6 nm inter-channels spacing, this structure can be exploited in optical integrated circuits, WDM and DWDM systems.

Keywords

Photonic crystal Ring resonator Demultiplexer Lattice constant Quality factor 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research has been done in Nano-photonics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratory (NORLab), and the authors would like to thank Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University for supporting this research project.

References

  1. 1.
    Divya, J., Selvendran, S., Raja, A.S.: Two-dimensional photonic crystal ring resonator-based channel drop filter for CWDM application. Photonic Netw. Commun. 35(3), 353–363 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bendjelloul, R., Bouchemat, T., Bouchemat, M., Benmerkhi, A.: New design of T-shaped channel drop filter based on photonic crystal ring resonator. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 6(1A), 13–17 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kannaiyan, V., Dhamodharan, S.K., Savarimuthu, R.: Performance analysis of two-dimensional photonic crystal octagonal ring resonator based eight channel demultiplexer. Opt. Appl. 47(1), 7–18 (2017)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chhipa, M.K., Radhouene, M., Robinson, S., Suthar, B.: Improved dropping efficiency in two-dimensional photonic crystal-based channel drop filter for coarse wavelength division multiplexing application. Opt. Eng. 56(1), 015107 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Seifouri, M., Fallahi, V., Olyaee, S.: Ultra-high-Q optical filter based on photonic crystal ring resonator. Photonics Netw. Commun. 35(2), 225–230 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tani, F., Travers, J.C., Russell, P.S.J.: Multimode ultrafast nonlinear optics in optical waveguides: numerical modeling and experiments in kagomé photonic-crystal fiber. JOSA B 31(2), 311–320 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hosseini, P., Ermolov, A., Tani, F., Novoa, D., Russell, P.S.: UV soliton dynamics and Raman-enhanced supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber. ACS Photonics 5(6), 2426–2430 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhao, D., Liu, S., Yang, H., Ma, Z., Reuterskiöld-Hedlund, C., Hammar, M., Zhou, W.: Printed large-area single-mode photonic crystal bandedge surface-emitting lasers on silicon. Sci. Rep. 6, 18860 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Noda, S., Kitamura, K., Okino, T., Yasuda, D., Tanaka, Y.: Photonic-crystal surface-emitting lasers: review and introduction of modulated-photonic crystals. IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23(6), 1–7 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gupta, N.D., Janyani, V.: Dense wavelength division demultiplexing using photonic crystal waveguides based on cavity resonance. Optik. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 125(19), 5833–5836 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Naghizade, S., Sattari-Esfahlan, S.M.: An optical five channel demultiplexer-based simple photonic crystal ring resonator for WDM applications. J. Opt. Commun. (2018).  https://doi.org/10.1515/joc-2017-0129 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mohebzadeh-Bahabady, A., Olyaee, S.: All-optical NOT and XOR logic gates using a photonic crystal nano-resonator and based on interference effect. IET Optoelectron. 12(4), 191–195 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    haq Shaik, E., Rangaswamy, N.: Multi-mode interference-based photonic crystal logic gates with simple structure and improved contrast ratio. Photonic Netw. Commun. 34(1), 140–148 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Radhouene, M., Chhipa, M.K., Najjar, M., Robinson, S., Suthar, B.: Novel design of ring resonator based temperature sensor using photonics technology. Photonic Sens. 7(4), 311–316 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Olyaee, S., Mohebzadeh-Bahabady, A.: Two-curve-shaped biosensor for detecting glucose concentration and salinity of seawater based on photonic crystal nano-ring resonator. Sens. Lett. 13(9), 774–777 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Mohebzadeh-Bahabady, A., Olyaee, S., Arman, H.: Optical biochemical sensor using photonic crystal nano-ring resonators for detection of protein concentration. Curr. Nanosci. 13(4), 421–425 (2017)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ghorbanpour, H., Makouei, S.: 2-channel all optical demultiplexer based on photonic crystal ring resonator. Front. Optoelectron. 6(2), 224–227 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Alipour-Banaei, H., Serajmohammadi, S., Mehdizadeh, F.: Effect of scattering rods in the frequency response of photonic crystal demultiplexers. J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 17(3–4), 259–263 (2015)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Alipour-Banaei, H., Mehdizadeh, F., Serajmohammadi, S.: A novel 4-channel demultiplexer based on photonic crystal ring resonators. Opt. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(23), 5964–5967 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Talebzadeh, R., Soroosh, M., Kavian, Y.S., Mehdizadeh, F.: Eight-channel all-optical demultiplexer based on photonic crystal resonant cavities. Opt. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 140, 331–337 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mehdizadeh, F., Soroosh, M., Alipour-Banaei, H.: An optical demultiplexer based on photonic crystal ring resonators. Opt. Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 127(20), 8706–8709 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Fallahi, V., Seifouri, M., Olyaee, S., Alipour-Banaei, H.: Four-channel optical demultiplexer based on hexagonal photonic crystal ring resonators. Opt. Rev. 24(4), 605–610 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yasumoto, K.: Electromagnetic Theory and Applications for Photonic Crystals. Taylor & Francis, London (2006)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Parandin, F., Karkhanehchi, M.M., Naseri, M., Zahedi, A.: Design of a high bitrate optical decoder based on photonic crystals. J. Comput. Electron. 17(2), 830–836 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sukhoivanov, I.A., Guryev, I.V.: Photonic Crystals: Physics and Practical Modeling. Springer, Berlin (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nano-photonics and Optoelectronics Research Laboratory (NORLab)Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringShahid Rajaee Teacher Training UniversityTehranIran

Personalised recommendations