Measuring Perceived Receipt of Filial Piety among Chinese Middle-Aged and Older Adults

  • Vivian HuangEmail author
  • Alexandra J. Fiocco


Filial piety plays an important role in the parent-child relationship in Chinese culture. To date, the majority of studies have focused on filial piety attitudes and expectations from the perspectives of the adult child. With only a few studies examining filial piety from the parent’s perspectives, there is a paucity of studies that examines the dimensionality of filial piety receipt. The objective of this study was to validate the Perceived Receipt of Filial Piety Scale (PRFPS), a 10-item questionnaire designed to measure how often Chinese parents perceive their child(ren) engage in filial pious behaviours. A total of 222 middle-aged and older adult Chinese parents (Mage = 67.91, SD = 13.20) completed the PRFPS, MultidimensionalScale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) and the Quality of Life Scale (QOLS). A single-factor structure emerged from the developed PRFPS, which demonstrated excellent internal consistency (α = .95). The scale was also significantly associated with the MSPSS (r = .50) and QOLS (r = .42), supporting convergent and criterion validity. In conclusion, the PRFPS is found to be a reliable and valid measure of perceived filial piety receipt among Chinese parents. Theoretical implications and suggestions for further scale development and research is discussed.


Chinese Filial piety Perception Filial receipt Middle-aged Older adults 



This research was supported by Partnership for Change: The RBC Immigrant, Diversity and Inclusion Project at Ryerson University, and the CAG Donald Menzies Bursary.

The authors would like to thank Linke Yu and Kitty Lo for their assistance in the document translation and data collection.


This study was funded by Partnership for Change: The RBC Immigrant, Diversity and Inclusion Project at Ryerson University, and the CAG Donald Menzies Bursary.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada

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