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Monthly variations of fucoidan content and its composition in the farmed brown alga Saccharina sculpera (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae)

  • Yanyan Qu
  • Zengmei Cao
  • Weiwei Wang
  • Na Wang
  • Xiaojie Li
  • Jinhua PanEmail author
Article

Abstract

Crude fucoidan was extracted from the Saccharina sculpera from Rongcheng cultivation area in Sanggou Bay in the Yellow Sea of China which was sampled monthly from March to July. The crude fucoidan yield of S. sculpera showed an increase from 2.9% in March to 6.1% dry wt in July as the plant matured. And the content of polysaccharide (from 0.55 to 1.46% dry wt) and sulfate (from 0.37 to 1.62% dry wt) tended to increase from March to July as well. The monosaccharide composition changed constantly in the growing period with an increase of fucose (from 32.15 to 60.85 mol%) and a decrease of galactose (from 21.89 to 9.03 mol%). Analysis results showed that the content of crude fucoidan, polysaccharide, and sulfate in matured season was higher than that of other three species of farmed brown algae Saccharina japonica, Costaria costata, and Undaria pinnatifida in the same waters. These data indicated that S. sculpera was an excellent algal species in fucoidan content. This study on seasonal variations of polysaccharide, sulfate content, and monosaccharide composition provides a practical guidance for determining the optimal opportunity for harvesting the algae in order to standardize preparations of fucoidan for use in the pharmaceutical industry.

Keywords

Saccharina sculpera Phaephyceae Fucoidan content Monthly variations Polysaccharide Sulfate Monosaccharide composition 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on this manuscript. We wish to thank Professor Li Sun for his kind help in preparing the manuscript.

Funding information

This study was supported by China Agriculture Research System (CARS-50), the Special Funds for Key Laboratories Construction of Shandong Province (SDKL2017009), the Developmental Program of Science and Technology of Yantai (2018LJRC067), and the Special Funds for Modern Agricultural Industry Technology System Construction of Shandong Province (SDAIT-26-11).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanyan Qu
    • 1
  • Zengmei Cao
    • 1
  • Weiwei Wang
    • 1
  • Na Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaojie Li
    • 1
  • Jinhua Pan
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Algae Genetic Breeding and Cultivation Techniques of Shandong Province, National Algae and Sea Cucumber Engineering and Technique Research CenterShandong Oriental Ocean Sci-tech Co., LtdYantaiPeople’s Republic of China

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