Concise review of genus Chondracanthus (Rhodophyta: Gigartinales)

  • Cristian Bulboa ContadorEmail author
  • Ignacio Pérez Massad
  • Loretto Contreras-Porcia
  • Javier Zapata
  • Francisco Castañeda
  • María Eliana Ramírez
  • Patricia Gil-Kodaka


Members of the genus Chondracanthus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) inhabit the shores of both hemispheres and have been used for decades in some countries as raw material for carrageenan extraction and in some cases destined for human consumption. This has created potential business opportunities, which has drawn the attention of scientists and producers and increased the number of scientific and applied research studies in the last few years. The broad morphological variation of Chondracanthus species makes necessary the use of molecular tools for species delimitation, which has led to the re-grouping and geographic re-distribution of some entities. The present study is a review of the available literature on members of the genus Chondracanthus, with the exception of Chondracanthus teedei, regarding their identity, distribution, ecology, life history, population structure, chemical traits, handling, and culture.


Algae Carrageenophyte Chondracanthus Gigartinales Rhodophyta 



The authors thank Victoria López Alarcón for providing Fig. 1. Contreras-Porcia thank CONICYT PIA/BASAL FB0002. Also, we appreciate the support of Quintay Marine Research Center – CIMARQ. Bulboa thanks FONDEF ID15I10320.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristian Bulboa Contador
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ignacio Pérez Massad
    • 1
  • Loretto Contreras-Porcia
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Javier Zapata
    • 1
    • 4
  • Francisco Castañeda
    • 1
    • 2
  • María Eliana Ramírez
    • 1
    • 5
  • Patricia Gil-Kodaka
    • 6
  1. 1.Departamento de Ecología y Biodiversidad, Facultad de Ciencias de la VidaUniversidad Andres BelloSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación Marina Quintay (CIMARQ), Facultad de Ciencias de la VidaUniversidad Andres BelloQuintayChile
  3. 3.Center of Applied Ecology and Sustainability (CAPES)SantiagoChile
  4. 4.Centro de Investigación e Innovación para el Cambio Climático (CiiCC), Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Santo TomásSantiagoChile
  5. 5.Área BotánicaMuseo Nacional de Historia NaturalSantiagoChile
  6. 6.Departamento de Manejo Pesquero y Medio Ambiente, Facultad de PesqueríaUniversidad Nacional Agraria La MolinaLimaPerú

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