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“Niágara Rosada” table grape cultivated with seaweed extracts: physiological, nutritional, and yielding behavior

  • Raoni Pereira de CarvalhoEmail author
  • Moacir Pasqual
  • Helbert Rezende de Oliveira Silveira
  • Paulo César de Melo
  • Diêgo Faustolo Alves Bispo
  • Ranieri Reis Laredo
  • Lilian de Aguiar Saldanha Lima
Article

Abstract

Adverse environmental factors, such as heat and drought stress, may impact negatively on the development of grapevines in Brazil, especially for the most important table grape variety, “Niágara Rosada.” Bioactivators from marine algae offer grower products to help overcome such environmental problems. Seaweed extracts containing organic compounds and bioactive molecules impact beneficial effects to plant physiological, nutritional, and yielding behavior. These effects can be influenced by the seaweed extract used, the methodology of production of the seaweed extracts, and the plant species. A study was carried out on a commercial field, over two seasons, aiming to evaluate the effect of foliar applications of seaweed extracts from Ascophyllum nodosum, Hypnea musciformis, Lithothamnium sp., and Sargassum vulgare at 0.6% on “Niágara Rosada” physiology, nutrition, and yield. For most evaluations, treatments with seaweed extract improved net photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, water use efficiency, and carboxylation efficiency. Leaf content of K, Mg, B, Cu, and Zn was positively affected by foliar application with the seaweed extracts. Yield per plant was affected by foliar application with seaweeds, with higher values in plants treated with seaweed extract from Ascophyllum nodosum followed by Lithothamnium sp.

Keywords

Biostimulants Vitis spp. Leaf gas exchange Mineral nutrition Sustainable yield Phaeophyceae Rhodophyta 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) for scholarships and other financial resources and Ceres Tecnologia Agrícola and Acadian Seaplants for the supply of seaweed extracts for research achievement. The authors deeply appreciate the review of this article by Dr. Holly Little (Acadian Seaplants Limited. NS).

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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raoni Pereira de Carvalho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Moacir Pasqual
    • 1
  • Helbert Rezende de Oliveira Silveira
    • 1
  • Paulo César de Melo
    • 1
  • Diêgo Faustolo Alves Bispo
    • 2
  • Ranieri Reis Laredo
    • 1
  • Lilian de Aguiar Saldanha Lima
    • 3
  1. 1.Agronomy DepartamentFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil
  2. 2.Soil Science DepartamentFederal University of LavrasLavrasBrazil
  3. 3.Acadian Seaplants, Market Development ScientistSão PauloBrazil

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